Romanticism is an expression of the individual and of the needs of the individual. The romantic movement began shortly after the French and American Revolutions took place and rejected the previous ideas of the enlightenment. No longer would the decisions of people be based on the ideas of logic and reason but rather they would be based upon the ideas of emotion. People would decide what they wanted based upon their emotional needs. People did retain however, the idea that God may be evil and that the Church does not govern life.
Transcendentalists believed that God takes a role in life and that this God is nature. Nature however, is beyond our understanding and therefore God is beyond our understanding. But, we can still learn from nature and revere nature. This contrasted from the previous ideas that stated that God is jealous of us (and steals our loved ones because of his jealousy) and that we should not worship anything. They believed that no person was higher than another and that we all are on the same plain. This is expressed in the first stanza of "Song of Myself." Whitman writes "For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you." This shows the equality among people as expressed by the Transcendentalists.
The philosophies of Whitman and Emerson differed from those of romanticists. Whitman believes that everything is equal except for