The Relations Between Native Americans and Colonists

Better Essays
The Relations between Native Americans and Colonists

There are many reasons Native Americans and European Colonists did not have a good relationship. The reason for conflict between Colonist and Indians was due to the Colonists insatiable greed for power and land. Some of the reasons not only included physical mistreatment but also an ethical mistreatment of the Native Americans. European Colonists not only brought with them many different diseases that would later aid in the genocide of many Native American tribes, but also a mindset in which they felt superior to there Native neighbors. This feeling of superiority led to an outbreak of violence and many different civil wars. Due to the Native American and the Colonists irreconcilable differences many casualties were suffered by both sides leading to more wars and the displacement of many Indian tribes. One of the Native American’s biggest killers was illness, specifically Small Pox. The immune system of the Native Americans did not have the same tolerances as that of the European Settlers. Their immune systems could not handle exposure to the diseases that they have never been exposed to before. It has been rumored the while trading with the Native Americans, the colonists purposely gave them blankets infected with the Small Pox disease. Small Pox was not the only illness that was prevalent during the settling of the colonies. “Dobyns (1983) and Merrell (1984) report several European-induced epidemics in Florida, the Carolinas, and Virginia between 1519 and 1750, including smallpox, bubonic plague, typhus, mumps, influenza, yellow fever, and measles, although Dobyns' research has been argued methodically unsound by others. Bubonic plague and scarlet fever depopulated the Senecas in the 1630s to such an extent that four village settlements were forced to amalgamate into two. Archaeologists found Seneca ceramics dating to the post-epidemic period that were characterized by rough, uneven craftsmanship,



Cited: Library of Congress. “Virginas Early Relations with Native Americans.” Nebraska Studies.org. “Conflict and Negotiation with European Settlers” “Trail of Tears.” Halverson, Melissa Sue. “Native American Beliefs and Medical Treatments During the Smallpox Epidemics: an Evolution” “Native Americans of North America.” MSN Encarta. Streich, Michael. “Immediate Causes of the Revolutionary War.” 2009, January 2.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    The region of Mid-Atlantic coastline was successfully colonized first time by the English even if there were competing claims in that region by the Spain, France, Sweden and Netherlands. After 1603 when King James ascended to the throne England had some financial difficulties because of the years of war with Spain, and they had to look for some better way to raise England’s financial status. The unstable conditions of trade relations with the European states they had to consider alternatives in the New World; so in the 1606 the Plymouth company and the London company (Competing branches of the Virginia company) organized expeditions to settle colonies. The area was limited by the 34th parallel and the 45th parallel; the Plymouth company took the northern part of this area and the London company the southern one , but there was an overlapping zone between 38th and 41st parallels where the…

    • 459 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The relationship between the Europeans and the indigenous people varied from place to place. In general, Europeans never considered the indigenous people as their equal. The Europeans and the Native Americans had such different beliefs on religion, farming practices, economic practices and political practices that the Europeans always thought as themselves as better than the Native Americans.…

    • 496 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    At the beginning of the Columbian Exchange, native Americans were weakened by disease brought by the conquerors, reducing their population by millions. It would have been impossible, in such a short amount of time, for the conquerors to subdue millions of people with only hundreds of soldiers, even with their horses and guns, unless natives were somehow weakened. It is because of this that J.R. McNeill (n.d.) stated, “By far the most dramatic and devastating impact of the Columbian Exchange followed the introduction of new diseases into the Americas.” Diseases like smallpox, typhus fever, or measles, among many others, were the silent monsters that almost completely annihilate American native populations. Two examples of the destructive nature…

    • 132 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Apush Ch 1-6 Essay Draft

    • 1457 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Later interactions between the Native Americans and Colonists were mainly hostile, as a result of the European's insatiable land-lust, evident in such conflicts as the Pequot War (Kennedy, Cohen, and Bailey 52). The aid Native Americans provided to early settlers allowing them to sustain themselves would result in the downfall and destruction of numerous Indian tribes, who had already dwindling populations as a result of European diseases…

    • 1457 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Colonie's relationship with the natives of the land that they colonied effected the way that the colonies evolve. From as early as the discovery of Roanoke in 1585 by Sir Walter Raleigh who captured two Native American back to England, bad blood had formed between the Chesapeake Colonies and the Native Americans. The New England Colonies had a very different relationship with the Natives, one which involed alliances and trade. Throughout history, these alliances and revolts has effected the way the colonies develop from Jamestown to Connecticut.…

    • 1133 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Topic: Early encounters between American Indians and European colonists led to a variety of relationships among the different cultures. Analyze how actions taken by BOTH American Indians and European colonists shaped those relationships in each of the following regions: New England, the Chesapeake, the Spanish Southwest, and New York and New France.…

    • 1654 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Native Americans had conflict with the Europeans over social and environmental problems; this led to violence and war. Also, Europeans and Native Americans were both violent and Europeans enslaved and killed Natives to conquer land and people.…

    • 1794 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    European settlers also brought new diseases when they began their exploration of the new world. The Europeans brought smallpox, influenza, measles, chicken pox, and other sicknesses that the Native Americans had no way to fight (Kincheloe 2). The Native Americans had zero resistance to the new diseases since they had never been exposed to them before. While the Europeans’ bodies were able to defend against these diseases, sickness usually ended in fatality for the Native Americans. Neither the European settlers, nor the Native Americans understood what was happening. They couldn’t fathom why the diseases affected the Native Americans so harshly. The spread of disease to the Native Americans was an accident that no one could have seen coming back in the 1500s. According to Kincheloe, an estimated ninety percent of the then Native American population was destroyed by the diseases the Europeans brought to the United States (2).…

    • 1119 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Since the start of The United States of America the colonists and later Americans had to deal with the Natives that were rightfully there first. The federal government’s diplomacy approach with Native Americans during the time periods of 1790 to 1880 and 1880 to 1900 differ in a few ways. During the period of 1790 to 1880 the government participated it removals, treaties, reservations, and even war. In addition, the treaties and acts in this time period that the government approached with, usually ended in the U.S. taking the land of the Native Americans. During the time period of 1880 to 1900 the government’s approach to Native Americans was less involved and really only relied on a few moves to take the land of the Indians. One thing in common with the two time periods is the fact that the Native Americans were not treated fairly.…

    • 1546 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The United states revolution impacted Native American in two distinct ways. The first one being in the displacement of Native Americans. After the Revolution colonists started to migrate to West intruding on Native land that was protected by the proclamation of 1763, this Westward movement created conflict among settlers and Natives. The second way the Revolution impacted Native Americans is the dispossession of land by colonists in upstate New York, Ohio river valley, and southern back country. Native tribes like the Cherokee ceded most of their land as a result of…

    • 92 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Tecumseh. "Speech to the Osages." The Norton Anthology. Ed. Reidhead, Julia. New York, NY: Norton & Company, Inc, 2008. Pg. 217-218. Print.…

    • 1621 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Before the arrival of the first European settlers, numerous tribes of Native Americans were allowed to establish themselves across the American continents in isolation and without interruption from outside forces. When the Mayflower finally arrived in 1620, the English settlers and Native Americans were so vastly different it is easily apparent as to why they so fundamentally misunderstood each other on even the most basic levels. Since neither the colonists nor the Native Americans had interaction with one another until this point, their values were so integrated into their respective cultures that they were unable fully to understand each other. These differences are most visible between the settlers' and natives' understanding of class, economics, and gender.…

    • 862 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Members of each nation copied relationships with Indians in many different ways. Few Europeans considered Native Americans as equals, because of differences in religion, agricultural practice, housing, dress, and other characteristics. However, the French, Spanish, and Dutch sought profit through trade and exploitation of New World resources, and they knew that the native people would be important to their success. Europeans also wanted to convert Native Americans to Christianity. So, economic gain and religion were the two factors that most affected the dynamics of European and indigenous American relationships.…

    • 435 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The most important cause of Native American depopulation, during European contact, was epidemic disease. The sixteenth through nineteenth centuries saw many different diseases strike Native American populations with considerable frequency. Many of the diseases, such as syphilis, smallpox, measles, mumps, and bubonic plague, were of European origin; and Native Americans exhibited little immunity because they had no previous exposure to those diseases. While they did experience other forms of illnesses like malnutrition, anemia, respiratory infections, and parasitic intestinal infections prior to the Europeans; this was brand new to them and it caused greater mortality than would have occurred, if these diseases been common to the Americas.…

    • 1562 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In the early seventeenth century, relations between American Indians and European colonists were often characterized as much by collaboration and cooperation as by competition. However by the mid to late seventeenth century, brutal wars between Indians and colonists broke out in nearly every colonial region, from New England down to New Spain. While nearly all colonial regions endured worsening relations between the Indians and Europeans, the disputes occurred due to different reasons depending on the colonial region. In New Spain for instance, harsh treatment, enslavement, and the spread of pandemic disease among the Indians were the primary reasons for conflict between Indians and Spanish colonists. Yet in New France, the major reason of conflict between the Indians and French colonists were due to trade disputes and alliances. In English and Dutch regions of colonization war broke out between the Indians and Europeans due to Jurisdiction, Land, and Labor issues. Although different reasons contributed to the breakdown of relations between native populations and Europeans depending on region, there were also some problems which made relations between Natives and Europeans much more difficult, these problems occurred throughout the entire continent regardless of region. Such problems included language barriers, culture clashes, and general distrust towards opposing factions.…

    • 998 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays