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The Reason for the Civil Rights Movement
Since the time the slaves were freed many whites still hated and held grudges against blacks and this led to many of them being beat and or killed. In retaliation there was also many black on white vigilante crimes and in turn the two races began to hate one another. Many of these actions led too many blacks and whites who didn’t take part in these acts of vigilante to begin to fear one another and this sense of fear began to pass along from generation to generation, due to the fact that most children would fear what their parents fear. If this form of generational fear continued to occur then there would have never been any form of peace between the races and the world we live in today would have never been formed. However to me this dark future was averted thanks to the actions taken by the people who participated in the Civil Rights movement and allowed for a better today in 2010. The African American Civil Rights Movement, began in the mid 1950s, and was a movement aimed at outlawing racial discrimination against African Americans. The movement was not started by blacks alone, but also by whites who wanted to end the generation after generation of violence amongst the races. In order to bring the two races closer together the Civil Rights Movement held non violent protest first to promote nonviolence among the races. This idea was first introduced through one of the movements’ most famous leaders Dr. Martin Luther King and the teaching he received from Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. By using some of these techniques King was able to show that not all blacks wanted violence and that the whites were not the ones who wanted violence either, thus lessening the hatred the races felt toward one another. Due to the Civil Rights Movement the idea of separate but equal began to become less and less liked by African Americans as their desire for more non segregated establishments grew. The desire of blacks for less segregation began to become more of a reality in the year 1954, in the case Brown v. Board of Education. This was a landmark decision by the U.S Supreme Court that declared it was unconstitutional to separate blacks and whites in public schools and denying equal educational rights to black children. This event is significant due to the fact that it mainly affected children and since they are the most influential, it allowed for white and black children to become more acquainted with one another, and be able to form their own opinions about one another. It also allowed for the children to be less effected by their parent’s views of the blacks and the black parent views on the white to have less of an effect on them. As the amount of unsegregated establishments began to increase more and more Civil Rights activist had peaceful boycotts to allow equal treatments of both blacks and whites. A prime example of this would be the Montgomery Bus Boycott which led to bus becoming unsegregated. This is partially due to the actions of Rosa Parks when she refused to give up her seat to a white man and move to the back of the bus. This act inspired Dr. Martin Luther King into holding a citywide bus boycott until all buses were made equal for all passengers. This action also allowed for many whites and blacks to move closer to equality and pave the way for more generations to be able to have the same rights and thus allow for neither to believe they are superior or inferior to the other and thus not allow for it to affect their children. The whole point of the Civil Rights Movement during the time of 1955-1958, was to ensure that the blacks had equal rights to the whites by any means possible. However while some of the people involved in the Civil Rights Movement encouraged more violence such as Malcolm X, others wanted their to be no more violence and for there to just be peace. That is why I believe during this time the Civil Rights Movement was not only equality, but also to lessen the anger each race had towards one another and encourage more peace between the races so that they would be able to pass this feeling of peace down their family’s line and be able to stop the earlier generations of fear and hatred.