top-rated free essay

the reader

By tvariousnussking Jul 01, 2014 963 Words
FOA Martijn


1: Introduction:
Structure and content/part
Task division
Learning outcome
2: Body (2): Compare writers
Stature and credibility
Conclusion writers
How do age, background and nationality of writers influence language and meaning? What are the consequences of this influence?
3: Conclusion:
Effects Noor, Martijn, Joos and Nadine on language and meaning Compare gravity of different aspects’ effect


[Slide 1.] Sociologists make a distinction between gender and sex. Gender is the perceived component of human sexuality while sex is the biological or genetic component. Why do we differentiate between gender and sex? Differentiating gender from sex allows social scientists to study influences on sexuality without confusing the social and psychological aspects with the biological and genetic aspects.

Gender is the socially constructed component of human sexuality. Gender is an inner feeling that you are male, female, both, neither. Perhaps the best way to understand gender is to understand it as a process of social presentation. Because gender roles are outlined by behavioural expectations and norms, once individuals know those expectations and norms, those individuals can adopt behaviours that project the gender he/she wishes to portray.

[Slide 2.] We are about to present to you a comparison of two articles with the common theme of advertisements. We will compare two articles about this subject made by two authors with different nationalities. Article #1: “A healthier dose of realism” by Nicola Clark (UK). Article #2: “Thin is too in” by Robert Gustafson, Mark Popovich and Steven Thomsen (USA).

[Slide 3.] We want to convince you of our ability to demonstrate an awareness of how, in both articles, language and meaning are shaped by culture and context.

[Slide 4.] Our presentation today will be divided into 6 parts, respectively this introduction, 4 body parts and a conclusion. Noor will discuss content, I will discuss the authors, Joos then compares the context in which the articles were written and Nadine will end the core of our presentation by contrasting forthcoming cultural aspects of both articles. Finally, overseeing the sub-conclusion every speaker in our group will present concerning their individual piece, I will give a final conclusion.

Body (2); Compare writers:

[Slide 5.] Article 1 was written by Nicola Clark. She is the 40-year-old mother of two girls, both disabled, and a campaigner on the issue of promoting positive attitudes towards disabled people. She had lived her life in the United Kingdom. She is currently active as a marketing manager at a prominent real estate company.

[Slide 6.] The second article was written by three American scholars; Robert Gustafsen, Mark Popovich and Steven Thomsen. Robert Gustafson is an associate professor, and Mark Popovich a professor, in the Department of Journalism at Ball State University; and Steven Thomsen is an associate professor in the Department of Communications at Brigham Young University. Furthermore, Clark is 40, while Gustafsen, Popovich and Thomsen are respectively 62, 56 and 61.

[Slide 7.] With this data in mind, some pieces of the puzzle seem to fall in place when you start to read both articles. To start with 'A healthier dose of realism', even though I think it is obvious that Clark's opinion is not necessarily influenced by her own sex, after reading i did feel like Clark is a woman who is and acts thoroughly against factors in daily life that carry out a negative influence on people leading to a variety of negative ways of thinking, and even several medical disorders. To enforce her viewpoint she introduces a controversial example of such a factor: airbrushing; airbrushing refers to any retouching done to a photo that changes the reality of the photo. People or objects removed, acne erased, or body shapes altered. She gives mention to the work of Jo Swinson, a British Liberal Democrat and Member of Parliament. The reason Clark refers to Swinson is because Swinson is a leading figure within the Campaign for Body Confidence, who believe and pledge to defend that everyone has the right, whatever their size, shape or form, to feel happy about themselves. The following abstract from Clark's article sketches a clear view of her opinions.

[Slide 8.] 'Swinson tells Marketing that she will shortly be presenting the ASA with a portfolio of scientific evidence to back calls for a voluntary code of conduct on airbrushing. She points to the fact that the ASA's code states that ads must be socially responsible, adding: 'When there is a great deal of evidence showing that idealized media images contribute to body dissatisfaction, low self-esteem and even eating disorders, I believe that it is socially irresponsible to promote these unrealistic images without making it clear that they are not real.'

The key part to understand in this abstract is in the last sentence: 'I believe that it is socially irresponsible to promote these unrealistic images without making it clear that they are not real.' To rephrase: we should protect people from their possible inability to understand the reality of the images they are presented with. This is quite arguable, but can easily be counterfeited as well, because, one might argue that people (especially and mostly above 18) have the right to expose their minds to the before mentioned idealized media images, and that prohibiting this would show discrimination and depreciation towards people's ability to use common sense and relativization. So, author backgrounds in this case resulted in weak spots in the argumentation. 

[Slide 9.] Then in article 2, with the limited background information available, little can be said with absolute certainty about the effects on language and meaning. Very accurate speculation, however, is far from impossible; the age of the authors might indicate unfamiliarity towards social media, simply because they don’t use it. This might then of course lead to a distorted view towards social media, which could then lead to less correct conclusion about the influence of social media on mental health.


Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • The Reader

    ...Memory is a powerful concept. Often when an individual undergoes a traumatic situation, the ramifications of these actions seep into an individualfs psyche unknowingly. In effect this passes through memory and becomes sub-consciously buried within a personfs behavioural patterns generally. The Reader by Bernhard Schlink explores the concept ...

    Read More
  • Controlled Reader

    ...An author can only partially structure an experience in an attempt to elicit a desired response from the reader, for there are two types of readers an author must consider: the implied reader and the actual reader. The implied reader is “assumed and created by the work itself” whereas, the actual reader brings his/her own experiences to the ...

    Read More
  • Rhetoric and Reader

    ...Many writers use several diverse ways to persuade readers into believing them. Some writers may tell a story, provide facts and information, or other ideas to encourage his or her reader to agree with the argument. Aristotle's rhetorical triangle describes three diverse appeals: logos, pathos, and ethos. Logos is based on facts and reasons ex...

    Read More
  • Comparitive Essay - The reader and Atonement

    ...Essay An act of self-mortification or devotion performed voluntarily to show sorrow for a sin or other wrongdoing. This act can be seen through both the novel The Reader by Bernhard Schlink and the film Atonement directed by Joe Wright. Guilt is a prevailing theme in both Atonement and The Reader. In The Reader, guilt is persistently exp...

    Read More
  • The Reader; Critical Study

    ... Written task 2: Critical Response (essay) How and why is a social group represented in a particular way? “How could it be a comfort that the pain I went through because of my love for Hanna was in a way, the fate of my generation, a German fate…” This quote from Bernhard Schlink’s The Reader illustrates how and why two main socia...

    Read More
  • Characters Effect on a Reader

    ...Characters Effect on a Reader Characters dealing with a situation affect each reader differently. The characters reaction to a situation may have a reader feel exactly as the character does, or in some instances, the reader may look more at how differently they would feel in the same situation. In an attempt to answer Henry James on how ch...

    Read More
  • Bernhard Schlink's "The Reader".

    ...Schlink's The Reader, where fifteen-year-old Michael Berg is involved in a secretive, intense, and passionate relationship with thirty-six-year-old Hanna Schmitz. Hanna is leading the relationship so much so that when they fight, regardless of who is right or wrong, Michael always gives in and apologizes in fear of loosing her. He never stands u...

    Read More
  • Good Readers Good Writers

    ...Nabokov: Providing a Flood and Lifeboat In Nabokov’s 1948 “Good Readers and Good Writers,” the reader has the opportunity to view the possibilities of a beautiful collision of a major reader and a major writer. This piece discusses reading and writing: skills that have become standardized and slightly devalued as education has advanced....

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.