The Project Management Process Groups
The Project Management Process is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements. It is a set of interrelated action and activities performed to achieve a pre-specified product, result, or service. The Project Management Process is grouped into five categories which are:
The Initiating Process Group involves the processes, activities, and skills needed to effectively define the beginning of a project. Setting all permits, authorizations, and initial work order in place to secure an effective and logical progression of initial project activities sets the stage for subsequent success throughout all phases. Setting clear phases for work to be completed, initializing teams, and having the budget in place before work begins are vital for a strong start to any project across industry. The Initiating Process Group involves these main interrelated components: developing a project charter and identifying stakeholders.
The Planning Process Group sets forth the processes needed to define the scope of the project, set strategic plans in place to maximize work flow, and begin to assemble priority lists and plan team needs. This process group also addresses a more narrow clarification of all project goals and expectations and puts in place the project infrastructure necessary to achieve those goals according to timeline and budgetary constraints. There are key elements included in the Planning Process Group: develop a project management plan, collect requirements, define scope, create work breakdown, define activities, sequence activities, estimate activity resources, estimate activity durations, develop schedule, estimate cost, determine budget, plan quality, develop human resource plan, plan communications, plan risk management, identify risk, perform qualitative and quantitative risk analysis, plan risk response, and plan procurements.
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