2.1 The Projects: Projects are products of ideas initiated to fulfill a need or exploit an opportunity.
The Project Environment also known as Project World are the external factors influencing projects.
The single most important influence on any project is whether or not it is being carried out by Public Sector usually undertaken by government to provide public service or Private Sector usually undertaken by individual companies or consortia to make a profit.
In the past, clients have taken many of the risks, recently; alternative types of procurement strategy has been introduced, depending on the attitudes toward the risk analysis usually adopted in the project life cycle.
2.2 The Project Constitution: this also influences a project; it’s a set of rules stating the roles and responsibilities of team members and stakeholders. It could either be simple or complex depending on the nature and size of the project. The constitution is important because the client is responsible for making the key decisions and any constraints on his ability to do so must be clearly stated, as client decisiveness is crucial to the speed and success of the project.
2.3 Project Organization: means the way in which the project implementation team is established and who the participants are. It could either be single-discipline or multi-discipline projects depending on nature and size. To minimize risk and ensure the objective of improving the chances of successful delivering of project on time, to budget and to specification; clients in the building industry – especially developers have moved to other forms of procurement rather than the traditional method that often split responsibility in an unrealistic and arbitrary way. It is observed that single-discipline project has lesser risk to multi-discipline project, as individuals are more aware of risk than group of people.
2.4 Project Phases: These are the various stages