The Problems and Solutions of Overcrowding in Modern Cities
Now In the world there are many cities which are facing overcrowding, such as London, Tokyo, New York, Paris, Beijing, Singapore, Manila and Rio. But, few people know the exact meaning of the term “overcrowding”. There is a popular definition which is widely accepted by scholars: “an outgrowth of excessive size is overcrowding, meaning too many people occupying little space.” (Brunn et al, 1983, p37). Overcrowding causes huge problems such as housing, congestion, unemployment, air pollution, social problems and energy tension. The aim of this essay is to discuss the potential problems and solutions in overcrowded cities. Housing problem is the first important issue which needs to be solved as soon as possible. Modern cities have attracted huge newcomers to seek career opportunity and to fulfill their idealities or dreams. The capacity of city accommodation is crucial and thus the government has to develop more lands to build more houses to accommodate the rapidly increasing population. Obviously, it is a huge investment. Developed countries have ample funding to deal with it easily whereas, by contrast, developing countries will eke out to reach the goal. Even the governments of poor countries are always short of money in house projects so that people have to pave their own way. That is why many cities have slums which are seriously overcrowded, causing other potential health and security problems. Traffic congestion is the second crucial problem in cosmopolitan cities. Beijing, as an evident example, traffic jams occur there nearly every day. The reason is that there are too many private cars in use. According to the report of Institution of China Industrial Research (2010), as to December 2010, there are 4.7 million automobiles in use in Beijing every day, estimating the number will exceed 5 million in 2012. Traffic jams add the average commuting time, affect the economic development and cause...
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