A01 Identify key ideas associated with the problem of evil
The key Ideas associated with the problem of evil creates an evidential problem for Christians who want to retain God’s attributes of omnipotence, omniscience and benevolence and that God created the world out of nothing. However due to the ‘Inconsistent Triad’ meaning that the three (omnibenevolent, omnipotent and omniscient) are logically unreliable. If God is omnipotent, he is aware of the existing evil and suffering and knows how to put a stop to it. If God is omnibenevolent he will want to put a stop to it. Yet evil and suffering does exist, prompting the statements: 1) God created all things; 2) evil is a thing; 3) therefore, God created evil. If the first two premises are true, the conclusion is inescapable. There theodicies that try to offer an explanation for the problem of evil such as the theodicy of St. Augustine and Irenaeus. There are two versions of the problem of evil - Logical evil Evidential. Logical is attributed to Epicurus, he says that if it does not logically flow and that it has the conclusion God cannot exist with, or If he did he would want to prevent all evil – which then rules out the classical theism that God is all powerful. The evidential version of the problem of evil is inductive and probabilistic. It provides evidence that evil is purposeless and that, like logical, it concludes that god can not exist. St. Augustine theodicy says that God is perfect and that he created a world free for imperfections. He claims that God did not create anything evil and says that evil is a lack of goodness in something – private bono. He claims that evil comes from fallen angels and humans that have chosen to turn away from God – the free will defence. There is always a possibility of evil in the world since only god is perfect and unchanging. Augustine ultimately blaims the act of turning away from God on the ‘fall of humanity’ which everyone was seminally present. From this view, Man is...
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