Unit 4222-264 The principles of infection prevention and control Outcome 1 Understand roles and responsibilities in the prevention and control of infections Explain employees’ roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection. Employees have a duty of care to everyone including themselves and their families to do all they can to prevent infections and infestations from spreading. Staff should adhere to the policies and procedures set down by the company to help to prevent and control infections. This should include effective hand washing. Cleaning and the procedures for the cleaning of spillages The use of Personal Protective Clothing, Food Handling. The handling and storing of specimens. The handling and correct disposal of clinical and soiled waste and the disposal of sharps. Particularly for Care at Home there is a policy on pets and pests and infestations. All gloves and aprons worn should be removed and disposed of correctly. All soiled items if disposable should be disposed of correctly. Effective hand washing and not coming into work when not feeling well are ways of preventing staff from passing on infections, ..All staff have a duty to read the infection control policy. All staff should renew their training annually. 2. Explain employer's responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection. The employer has a responsibility to provide PPE equipment, the employer should organise training for all staff, and annual updates, and supervision. The employer is also responsible for the general health and safety of all staff at work under the health and safety law and regulations. The employer should provide copies of infection control policies and procedures. Employers must carry out risk assessments and must ensure putting procedures in place and ensure procedures are followed by regular supervision. The employer should provide and maintain all necessary equipment and materials to staff. Employers should provide a COSHH file and provide training and supervision where necessary.
Outcome 2Understand legislation and policies relating to prevention and control of infection It is a legal requirement that staff have access to up to date policies guidelines, procedures and risk assessments. Staff should be aware of reporting immediately outbreaks of disease. /Staff should understand safe disposal of waste and food hygiene standards. The main legislation regarding infection control is :-The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 The Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Food safety act 1990
The Public Health (control of diseases) Act 1984
The Environmental Protection Act to dispose of clinical waste safely The Public Health (infections Diseases) regulations 1988 - it is a legal requirement to report specific infectious diseases under the Public Health (Control of Diseases) Act the list can be found on the web site at www,hpa.org.uk/infections/topics_az/noids/menu.htmHazardous Waste Regulations 2005 Health Protection Agency 2008 now part of Public Health England as from 1 April 2013 RIDDOR- Reporting of accidents or suspicion of diseases and dangerous occurrences Environmental Protection
2,Describe local and organisational policies relevant to the prevention and control of infection The local policies relevant to the control of infection are :- the Local Health Protection Team . HPT . The Team are at Fareham in Hampshire which covers Dorset, Hampshire and IOW Health and Safety at Work act 1974, employees to inform employers of any work related incident which could pose a risk of health and safety to themselves and others. Food Standards Agency - provides standards for information on infection prevention and controls practices RIDDOR - Reporting of injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences which requires the reporting of work related accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences. The organisational policies are Health and /safety policy. The...
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