October 6, 2014
AP World History
The Political Structures of the Roman and Chinese Empires
Any political structure we have today was derived from one of the two most prominent structures in the beginning of the first empires. Both the Roman and the Chinese empire had a centralized control over a large mass of regions and populations. Although they had generally the same amount to control, they ran them differently. The Chinese empire was a dictated government where as the Romans had more independence with the law. The Chinese also used a bureaucracy system to hold them together rather than using an applicable body of law like the Romans. Both these empires had similarities, but at the same time had major differences that have shaped them into what they are today.
Both civilizations, though vastly different, shared one thing in common. They both had a large population to control. Each empire established a main ruler who, in the end, made the ultimate decision in an issue. This ruler helped the empires become great powers, expand, and become stronger than their neighbors. Once they had established their position, it was up to them to decide on how to govern their empire.
The Chinese government is one that is ruled and dictated by one leader. This leader has supreme control over every region and person. The Chinese people’s way was to follow their emperors every command, otherwise they would be punished. The Chinese emperor did not want anyone to overthrow him because he wanted ultimate control over everything. On the other end of the spectrum were the Romans, who had an ultimate ruler, but were still, allowed political freedom. The Romans had many smaller, spread out civilizations which each had their own smaller ruler. The ruler of every city was still under control of the King Philip II or Alexander, but having these smaller rulers of the cities allowed for the Romans to have a say in things rather than being dictated. This led to what was...
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