The Philippines

Topics: Philippines, Manila, Metro Manila Pages: 7 (2038 words) Published: September 13, 2013
Flag of Philippines
There are three fields on the Philippine flag. The white equilateral triangle is on the hoist side, a band of blue at the top, and a band of red at the bottom. An eight rayed yellow sun at the center of the triangle. A small five pointed star is located at each corner of the triangle. General Emilio Aguinaldo, who the first President of the Philippines and a leader in the revolution against Spanish rule for Philippine, designed the Philippine flag. He did this while in exile in Hong Kong in 1897. Dona Marcela Marino de Agoncillo, Mrs. Delfina Herbosa de Natividad, and Lorenza, the daughter of Dona Marcela, sowed by hand the flag. Representing Justice, peace and truth is the blue field. Patriotism and Valor are represented by the red field. The white equilateral triangle represents fraternity and equality. The eight rays of the sun stand for the original eight provinces. The three geographical divisions of the Philippines, Luzon, Mindanao, and Visayas, are represented by the three small stars. In times of war the flag is flipped to have the red side on top. During times of Peace the flag is flown with the blue side on top. The Philippines are the only country in the whole world to display their flag this way in times of war or peace.

Capital: Manila, which is one of the sixteen cities that make up the national capital region referred to as Metro Manila, 14.88 square miles (38.55 km²), population 1,652,171(2010 census) Official Language: Filipino (according to Tagalog) and English (officially); Pampango, Tagalog, Waray, Cebuano, Bicol, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, and Pangasinan are the eight major dialects Currency: Philippine Peso, 41.12422 PHP (Philippine Peso) = 1 USD (US Dollar)

ATMs are in most of the larger cities. However in smaller cities and places there are no ATMs and foreign debit or credit cards are not accepted. This can cause people visiting to leave early because they run out of money; so bring plenty of cash. Also most of the ATMs will not give more than 10000 Pesos per withdrawal and the Philippines and foreign banks charge a fee for each transaction. Government: Republic

President Benigno AQUINO III Vice President Jejomar Cabaiatam BINAY Executive Secretary Paquito OCHOA, Jr. Chief of Staff Julia ABAD Sec. of Agrarian Reform Virgilio DE LOS REYES Sec. of Agriculture Proceso ALCALA Sec. of the Budget & Management Florencio ABAD Sec. of Education, Culture, & Sports Armin LUISTRO, Rev. Sec. of Energy Jose Rene D. ALMENDRAS Sec. of Environment & Natural Resources Ramon PAJE Sec. of Finance Cesar PURISIMA Sec. of Foreign Affairs Albert DEL ROSARIO Sec. of Health Enrique ONA, Dr. Sec. of Interior & Local Government Jesse ROBREDO Sec. of Justice Leila DE LIMA Sec. of Labor & Employment Rosalinda BALDOZ Sec. of National Defense Voltaire GAZMIN Sec. of Public Works & Highways Rogelio L. SINGSON Sec. of Science & Technology...
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