Top-Rated Free Essay

The Philippine-American War

Good Essays
Topics: United States
Philippine-American War
In the late 1800s, the U.S. became an imperialist power, competing to extend their influence throughout the world. The US had a few reasons for becoming an imperialist country. Their desire for economic growth, military expansion, and spreading their values and ideas compelled them to conquer other countries. But not all Americans believed that America should be imperialist. Those who disagreed with the pro-expansionist beliefs were afraid of conflict with other countries, the amount it would cost, and didn’t want to contradict the principles that the United States held. The Philippines is just one example of U.S. annexation. In 1899, the U.S. defeated Spain in the Spanish-American war and acquired Spain’s colonies, which included the Philippines. The U.S. decided to annex the Philippines and sent 70,000 troops to put down a Philippine revolt. The Americans were very divided on the topic of whether or not the U.S. was justified in intervening in the Philippines. Although the U.S. made some positive contributions to Philippine society, their harsh treatment of the Filipinos contradicted its ideals. Therefore, the intervention was not justified.
The U.S. got involved in the war with Spain for a few reasons. First, Spain was using brutal control tactics against the Cuban people, giving them reason to intervene. The U.S. then sent a battle ship called the U.S.S. Maine to Cuba, but it exploded along the way and Spain was blamed without proof. To excite the U.S. citizens, journalists used a propaganda tactic called yellow journalism, where highly exaggerated stories would be written and were then run in newspapers. After the United States defeated Spain, they acquired several colonies including the Philippines, and were faced with an important decision of whether or not they should annex the Philippines or grant them independence. The country was divided on this decision. Those who were in favor of annexing the Philippines because it had land full of economic potential, and the Filipinos were not utilizing the land to their greatest benefit. An article from the S.F. weekly states that the Filipinos “raise only enough food to live on; they don’t care to make money; and they occupy land which might be utilized to much better advantage by Americans.” Some Americans favored the idea of annexation because they believed the U.S. was helping the Filipinos. When the U.S. troops arrived in the Philippines, they helped build schools, roads, and medical offices. (Starron) Yet the negative effects outweighed the positive when the U.S. decided to annex the Philippines. U.S. soldiers mistreated the Filipinos through torture. Starron states that “the misconduct that did occur, such as the water cure, was the result of small groups of men under junior or non-commissioned leadership looking for weapons or information.” The water cure was a torture device instituted by soldiers on the Filipinos. The soldiers would force them to drink loads of dirty water until they were bloated, and then force it out of them by jamming their rifles into their stomachs. The U.S. also had no right to annex the Philippines the way they were. The tactics they were using were comparable to the tactics that Spain was using when the U.S. intervened, contradicting the morals and beliefs of the U.S.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    The Philippine American War

    • 2440 Words
    • 10 Pages

    Imperialism in the Philippines The Philippine-American War Skyler Collins Senior Paper Category The rights of Filipinos were violated during the Philippine-American war because America thought it was their “responsibility” to govern the Filipinos and be a nobler destiny. America took up the white man’s burden when it came to the Philippines. Instead of America allowing the Philippines to declare their independence the Filipinos go into another revolutionary war over their independence…

    • 2440 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Philippine-American War

    • 1061 Words
    • 3 Pages

    WOOD 1 THE PHILIPPINE­AMERICAN WAR (1899­1902) JAMIENAIL WOOD HIST102 ­ HISTORY SINCE 1877 PROFESSOR THOMAS GOETZ NOVEMBER 20 2013 WOOD 2 PHILIPPINE­AMERICAN WAR 1899­1902 The United States declared war with Spain in 1898 to support Cuba with their struggles from Spanish control. The United States sent out a fleet to the Philippines to defeat the Spanish navy and this battle was known as the “Battle of Manila Bay”. The Spanish navy was defeated…

    • 1061 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Philippine–American War The Philippine–American War, also known as the Philippine War of Independence or the Philippine Insurrection (1899–1902), was an armed conflict between a group of Filipino revolutionaries and the United States which arose from the struggle of the First Philippine Republic to gain independence following annexation by the United States.The war was part of a series of conflicts in the Philippine struggle for independence, preceded by the Philippine Revolution and the Spanish-American…

    • 267 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    American Intervention and Philippine Independence By: Ha Z Dignadice Eulimay Gillang The Spanish-American War of 1898 • Cuba , Spanish Colony in the West Indies, revolted against its colonial master sometime in February, 1895. • Governor-General Valeriano Weyler commander of the Spanish Forces in Cuba. • American businessmen had huge investments in the sugar industry in Cuba. • President William McKinley sent the US battleship Maine to Cuba for the purpose of evacuating American citizens in case…

    • 2052 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Rico, and the Philippines is a part of the U.S. territory. Imperialism started when America thought about taking over the Philippines from Spain. The Spanish-American war had many causes that lead up to the war and two were the U.S. supports of Cuba’s independence and the sinking of the U.S.S Maine. Imperialism was favored by some and others hated it. There were two presidents who were for imperialism. President McKinley was in favor of imperialism because he felt like the Philippines were unable…

    • 376 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    AMERICAN PERIOD Philippines TheSpanish-Americanwar which startedin Cuba, changed the history of thePhilippines. On May 1, 1898, theAmericans led by U.S.Navy AdmiralGeorge Dewey, in participation of EmilioAguinaldo, attacked the Spanish Navy inManila Bay. Faced with defeat, thePhilippines was ceded to theUnited Statesby Spain in 1898 after a paymentof US$ 20 million to Spain in accordancewith the "Treaty of Paris" ending theSpanish-American War. U.S. colony Civil government was established…

    • 730 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Contribution of American to the Philippines 1. Independence - America helped the Philippines to eliminate the Spaniards in the country thus helping the Filipinos to end the suffering from the Spanish reign. This was the first step of the country to stand on their own and start a new beginning. 2. Government -we adapted and patterned some of our constitution with the Americans'. 3 Sports - Filipino favourite sport had been basketball, and other foreign sports instead of the national sports which…

    • 1221 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The Commonwealth of the Philippines was invaded by the Empire of Japan in December 1941 shortly after Japan's declaration of war upon the United States of America, which controlled the Philippines at the time and possessed important military bases there. The combined American-Filipino army was defeated by April 1942, but guerrilla resistance against the Japanese continued throughout the war. Uncaptured Filipino army units, a communist insurgency and supporting American agents all played a role in…

    • 2198 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    HIST102 : Week 3 – Assignment: American Blunder in the Philippines May 27, 2012 Kier O'Neil Student American Public University On May 1, 1898 Commodore (later Admiral) Dewey guided his naval attack squadron into Manila Bay and quickly and decisively defeated the Spanish fleet. Not a single Spanish ship survived and not a single American life was lost. Simultaneously the Spanish were being attacked by land on all sides by native Filipino insurgents. With no hope of reinforcements or re-supply…

    • 1781 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    American Imperialism and the Colonization of the Philippines The irony of the 1898 Spanish-American war was that Americans fought partly to aid Cubans in the fight for Cuban sovereignty, and the United States ended up colonizing some territories they won from Spain, like the Philippines. Despite America’s previous claims of only supporting independence and democracy, the United States became an imperialist power and colonized the Philippines (Introduction to the Spanish-American war and the…

    • 1569 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays