THE PERCEPTION OF SAMALEÑOS TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF K-12 IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS
A Research Paper
Submitted in Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirements in ENG-2 (Writing in the Discipline)
Prof. Albert G. Musico
Miriam R. Baluarte
Norybhel L. Feo
Carolyn A. Lariosa
Cherry Mae E. Taporoc
Darlene Joie C. Manolong
Holy Cross Of Davao College-Babak Campus
February 26, 2014
The Problem and It’s Background
Background of The Study
The Philippine education system pursues the achievement of excellent undergraduates in the elementary and secondary level. The Department of Education pronounces the addition of two more years in the basic education of students, which according to them will benefit not only the Filipino youth but all the Filipino in the Philippines. The administration asserts that with the implementation of such program, the problem of unemployment in the country will be resolved. In as much as employment in the Philippines is concerned, the K12 education also responds to the fact that most countries in the world already have the same plan in their educational institutions. With this, the standards of these countries go a notch higher than what the country has, thus, creating an expansion in the global competency.
The K-12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education Six years of Primary Education, Four years of Junior High School, and Two years of Senior High School (SHS) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship. The K-12 implement so that the students will be able to get sufficient instructional time to do subject-related tasks which makes them more prepared and well-trained on that subject area. On the other hand, if we remain on the old system, Filipino students would continually get low achievement scores (Isagani Cruz). Another good reason why we should support K-12 is that the graduates this program will be more prepared to enter the Labor force. As well noticed, High school graduates of the current curriculum are not yet employable for the reason that they are not yet competent and well-equipped with the skills needed in the workplaces. In addition, most high school graduates are not yet reaching the legal age of 18. With the new curriculum, Senior High school students can choose a field that they are good at and that they are interested in.as a result, they will be equipped which the skills needed for a specific job even with out a college degree. At the age of 18, the age when they graduate from High school, they will be employable and competitive already. Thus, adding up to the nation’s manpower (Isagani Cruz, 2010). The implementation of the K-12 plan in the Philippines Basic Education Curriculum is the key to our nation’s development. Though the government will face many problems in the long run of the implementation of the program, there really is need to implement it because the enhancement of the totality is very urgent and critical. Due to that, one of the discussions of DepEd which incurred last October 2010 is to enhance the basic education program of the country in a manner that is least disruptive to the current curriculum,most affordable to government and families, and aligned with international practice through the K-12 policy (Isagani Cruz,2010). The poor quality of basic education is reflected in the low achievement scores of Filipino students. Many students who finish basic education do not possess sufficient mastery of basic competencies. One reason is that students do not get adequate instructional time or time on task. This quality of education is reflected in the inadequate preparation of high school graduates for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education. High school graduates also do not possess the basic competencies or emotional maturity essential for the world of work (Isagani Cruz,2010). “We need to add two years to our basic education, those who can afford pay up to fourteen years of schooling before university. Thus, their children are getting into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.” quoted from the statement of His Excellency President Benigno S. Aquino III. K-12 has been met with criticism from youth and student groups, teachers, parents and the academic community. The DepEd, for its part,appears determined to enact the program with its proposed budget catering mostly to preparing the grounds for its eventual implementation (Isagani Cruz, 2010). ISLAND GARDEN CITY OF SAMAL, Davao del Norte, February 6, 2014 (PIA) - In line with the preparation of the Department of Education for the implementation of the Senior High School under the K to 12 Program, DepEd IGACOS (Island Garden City of Samal) gathered its stakeholders last February 4 for a focus group discussion (FGD) to confer the different sectors preparation for the program and to determine the actual needs of the community (Rommel R. Jandayan, 2014). In the discussion, Engr. Pastor Lozada, Jr. the President of the Resort Owners Assn in the Island and owner of Mahan Beach Resort stressed that schools in the island should offer tracks that would address the needs of the local industry such as automotive technicians, electricians, electronics expert, housekeeping, tourist guide and agri-processing. In the academic offering he also suggested to strengthen the English and Math proficiency of students as well as offer foreign language such as the Chinese language (Rommel R. Jandayan, 2014). Hon. Richard Guindolman, the chair of the education committee in the City Council expressed his gratitude to the DepEd and assured that the Council will be in full support of the program when it will be implemented (Rommel R. Jandayan, 2014). On her part, Bernardita Bunhayag the City’s Planning Officer III informed that the city is on the process of reviewing its City Development Plan and it is now gearing towards an Agri-Tourism Development. For this, the school shall have the view on what tracks and strands they are going to offer for the Senior High School (Rommel R. Jandayan). The discussion was facilitated by Eufemia T. Gamutin, OIC SDS of DepEd IGACOS and assisted by Mr. Rommel Jandayan, K to 12 Coordinator, Filomena Lopez, SBM Coordinator, and Melanie del Campo, Planning Officer II. It was participated by the LGU officials, private high schools, colleges and technical vocational schools in the island, and the congressional office (Rommel R. Jandayan – DepEd IGACOS). The perception of Samaleños in public schools students receive an education that starts with the simplest concepts and build on them each year as they get older. All students can be educated. To create a k-12 school that is highly regarded for its academic excellence, and for its contribution in actively serving and improving the community in which it operates.The Samaleños study shows that longer class period gives more time for a rigorous and well-rounded education that prepares students for success in college and careers. This is a very useful frame of reference since it does make the objectives a lot clearer. The Samaleños public schools are known to be competitive in the private schools. While this may be true, our current education system hinders us in becoming more competitive among other schools. (Isagani Cruz) The program aims to uplift the quality of education in the Philippines in order for graduate to be easily employed. The program also aims to meet the standards required for professionals who would want to work abroad. Most importantly, the system aims to fully enhance and develop the students in order for them to be well-prepared especially in emotional and cognitive aspects. Through this, the Samaleños graduates will be able to face the pressures of their future workplace. Through K-12 Education it open the minds to change and it will take it on a positive way, it will definitely attain the most-aspired educational standards which will play a great role in our country’s development and will (Wikipedia, 2004). The PTSPF stands for Poverty, Teachers Training and Interest, Students Interest to study, Private Schools Will Benefit and Facilities. Poverty, most Filipinos are having a financial difficulty, especially on their own family. Some parents or guardians work hard just to send their kids to school and to have a quality education because quality education is hard to obtain for young member of the family. Teachers Training and Interest, teachers today are complaining for a low rate salary. K-12 will increase their task or work. If this happens there would be a probability that teacher would seek for another job than to do a lot of work with a low paying job. Students Interest to study, we are introduced with the new technology today and most children are addicted to computer games and stuff and some students find learning disinteresting for the reason they don’t like the subject or the teacher. So, student tend not to listen but they do other things. Private Schools Will Benefit on the business side, schools today increases their tuition fees, especially the miscellaneous fees. Under miscellaneous fees some fees added which are not advisable are included. Lastly, Facilities, educational facilities today is poor especially the public school (Wikipedia, 2003). The Department Of Education will constitute a body to review the current basic education curriculum and detailed the implementation plan. To developed tracks based on different competencies or student interest as an integral component of the program, basic education program should develop tracks based on competencies to meet the country’s varied human capital requirements, and to prepare students for productive endeavor (DepEd, 2011). “We need to add two years to our basic education. Those who can afford pay up to fourteen years of schooling before university. Thus, their children are getting into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.” (Aquino III, 2011). Enhancing the quality of basic education in the Philippines is urgent and critical. The poor quality of basic education is reflected in the low achievement scores of Filipino students. One reason is that students do not get adequate instructional time or task (Wikipedia). Our children deserve to receive the best education our country can provide for them and our economy depends on an educated and skilled workforce to be successful in the global market (Wikipedia).
According to Division 16 (Division of School Psychology), of the American Psychological Association (APA) school psychologists operate according to a scientific framework. They work to promote effectiveness and efficiency in the field. School psychologists conduct psychological assessments, provide brief interventions, and develop or help develop prevention programs. Additionally, they evaluate services with special focus on developmental processes of children within the school system, and other systems, such as families. School psychologists consult with teachers, parents, and school personnel about learning and behavioral problems. They may teach lessons on parenting skills (like school counselors), learning strategies, and other skills related to school health. In addition, they often have to explain test results to parents and students. They also may do some counseling. Section 16 of Republic Act No.10533, entitled “An Act Enhancing the Philippine Basic Education System by Strengthening Its Curriculum and Increasing the Number of Years for Basic Education, Appropriating Funds Therefore and for other purposes,” otherwise known as the “Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013”, approved on May 15, 2013 and which took effect on June 8, 2013. A 12-year program is found to be the adequate period for learning under basic education. It is also a standard for recognition of students and/or professionals abroad. Other countries like Singapore have 11 years of compulsory education, but have 12 to 14 years of pre-university education, depending on the track. The Philippines is the last country in Asia and one of only three countries worldwide (the other two being Angola and Djibouti) with a 10-year pre-university cycle. Conceptual Framework
This study is about the Perception to the implementation of K-12 Program in public schools. The respondents shared their different perception about the implementation of K-12 in public schools. It is intended as a guide to the next step, which is the process of developing standards for all students. Thus it describes the major practices, crosscutting concepts, and disciplinary core ideas that all students should be familiar with by the end of high school, and it provides an outline of how these practices, concepts, and ideas should be developed across the grade levels. The implementation of this conceptual framework recognizes the practice of peaceful relations at all levels: personal, familial, communal, inter-cultural and global. It entails a process of knowledge acquisition and skill-building which affects the behavior of individuals and groups and provides a model for the formal and informal curriculum of the school. Education for Peace is a process and condition which permeates all aspects of school life, with implications for learners, teachers, and administrators and it extends beyond the school to society as a whole.
Statement of the Problem
This research aimed to assist the perception of Samaleños to the implementation of K-12 in Public school specifically, this study is conducted to answer the following questions: What is the perception of Samaleños to the implementation of K-12 in public school? Is there is a significant effects of the Samaleños about the implementation of K-12? Is the respondents aware of the K-12 implemented in public school? What are the advantages and disadvantages of the K-12 Program or the additional 2 years to Basic Education? Will the parents agree or disagree to the K-12 Program?
Does the K-12 Program is the solution to improve the quality of education in the Public Schools in Samal City?
Significance of the Study
This study well be significant to the following:
Parents of the students. This would be able to help the parents of the students who are affected by the K-12 program, this will give them an idea of what will be the advantages and disadvantages of the program, and if it will help their children grow from the academic nature. Students. The students will benefit from the study by letting them know how they are going to be able to understand the addition of 2 years from their schooling. Students will know how it will provide a better quality of education to them. Teachers. This study will benefit the teachers from the school, for them to be prepared for the additional two years to the basic education. It is important for them to know the advantages and disadvantages of the program, because they will be the one providing the knowledge to the children. School. This research will also benefit the school, so they will anticipate the additional cost to the program, also the additional teachers and everything that they should be anticipating for.
Scope and Delimitation Of The Study
This study is focuses only on the perception of the parents, students and teachers affected by the K-12 program since it has been implemented this year. The parents think how it will affect them. It will also attempt in the circumstances that will put one in favorable position. The research study was delimited to teachers, parents and students perception in the Public schools.
Definition of Terms
The terms below are defined conceptually and operationally to furnish a common ground for understanding, clarity, and communication between the researchers and the readers. Department of Education. It is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for the management and governing of the Philippine system of basic education. Education. The wealth of knowledge acquired by an individual after studying particular subject matters or experiencing life lessons that provide an understanding of something. Elementary. A school for the first four to eight years of a child’s formal education, often including kindergarten. K12. A scheme of Department of education which contains the additional one year for elementary and additional one year for secondary. Secondary. It is an institution where the final stage of schooling, usually a compulsory up to specifies age, takes place. It follows elementary or primary school and may be followed by university (tertiary) education. Public School. It is an education required for the children as stipulated by the laws in the government – national, regional, or local – financially supported by the civil through taxes. Perception. It is the process of attaining awareness or understanding of the environment by organizing and interpreting sensory information.