“The Passage, Extension and the Terminal of the Chinese Exclusion Act” By:
In the 1840’s the discovery of gold in California blew up extremely, in the way that many people believed they could make a fortune by finding gold on their own; to be exact it was January 24, 1848 when James W. Marshall saw something that appeared to be shiny -near Sutter Creek Coloma, California- in which, unexpectedly, it turned out to be gold. At the time of his discovery Marshall was overseeing construction, on the American River, of a sawmill. Therefore, the discovery of gold in California brought attention to the Chinese men. They came to California for cheap labor at gold mines in California. Also, they were greeted very well and were accepted by the white men, for they offered cheap and hardworking labor. Also, many Chinese men went to work for the construction of the California Central Railroad and the transcontinental railroads in the 1860’s, in which they worked in dangerous conditions and used dangerous explosives to blast openings to build tunnels to continue on laying down steel ties for railroads. However, it all turned around when a marked period in California of economic depression a cured around 1873. The white men felt threaten, because the need of labor was necessary. They feared that many jobs were at risk, and the Chinese men were a threat in behalf of it, which initially led to the Chinese Exclusion Act that was passed and signed by President Chester A. Arthur and with the approval of the United States Congress as well. The Chinese Exclusion Acts had traumatic impact on the Chinese immigrant’s, for they got deported back to China and some were thrown in prison. After ten years the act expired and an extension was made in form of the Geary Act, which was made permanent in 1902; additionally, the Chinese had to have certificates and register for proof of their right to be in the United States, which was given by the Chinese government. However, during WWII, America became allies with China which resulted in the repealing of the exclusion acts in 1943. Regulations were adopted by the United States Congress by giving Chinese men and women the right to acquire for naturalization in the United States; including, a annually limit of immigration of 105 Chinese women and men. Moreover, the Chinese were very hard working people that worked at very low wages whom were welcomed to the United States gratefully at first until an economic depression a cured in the 1870’s, which led to Chinese Exclusion Acts, and after all, ultimately, the United States realized how beneficial the Chinese were to them, for the United States became allies with China in World War II, which led to the terminations of the acts leading into giving the right to Chinese men and women to seek naturalization in the United States.
When the Chinese first came to the United States they arrived in California. They were treated well by everyone and everyone was grateful to have them. A newspaper at the time read “Quite a large number of the Celestials have arrived among us of late, enticed thither by the golden romance that has filled the world. Scarcely a ship arrives that does not bring an increase to this worthy integer of our population. The China boys will yet vote at the same polls, study at the same schools, and bow at the same altar as our own countrymen.” (WELLBORN, MILDRED). The Chinese were very hard working, cleanliness and humble people, in behalf of that, they were commented upon. Most of the Chinese that came to America were from very agriculture districts in China, but that did not seem to be a problem for them in the work force, for it seem that they accumulated very quickly in the jobs they took part of such as: mining, building railroads, in the ranches, in laundries, hotels, as cooks, domestic servants and in some cases in certain manufactories. Over all, it was proven by the Chinese hard work as good hard workers. Also, the Chinamen...
Cited: Chin, Philip. "The Chinese Exclusion Act Of 1882." Chinese American Forum 28.3
WELLBORN, MILDRED. "The Events Leading To The Chinese Exclusion Acts."
Annual Publication Of The Historical Society Of Southern California 1/2 (1912): 49
JSTOR Arts & Sciences XI. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.
"The Amendment Of The Chinese Exclusion Act." American Advocate Of Peace (1892-
1893) 12 (1893): 277
"The Supreme Court And The Chinese Exclusion Act." American Advocate Of Peace
(1892-1893) 6 (1893): 130
Please join StudyMode to read the full document