The Parts of Speech

Topics: Pronoun, Grammatical person, Parts of speech Pages: 7 (2334 words) Published: August 16, 2013
THE 8 PARTS OF SPEECH

1. Noun- something you can see, touch, taste, hears, smell, or have. Perform actions, complete actions or be the objects of actions. A noun that performs an action is called a subject. EX.) John ran. Nouns that complete actions or have actions done to them are called objects. EX.) John visited Grandma. John gave Grandma a pie. Objects or prepositions are nouns that follow prepositions. EX.) John dropped the pie on the floor. On is the preposition and floor is the object. Subject complements follow linking verbs (is or are). Subject complements explain, rename or describes a subject. EX.) My brother is a mechanic. Nouns follow articles (a, an, the). EX.) Please park the car in the garage. (5 TYPES) * Common Noun- word that names any general type of person, place, thing or animal. EX.) The woman in town has a glass with a goldfish painted on it. * Proper Noun- a specific noun with capital letters. EX.) The White House * Collective Noun- names a group. EX.) The jury used a pack of pens and a box of notebooks. * Abstract Noun- qualities, conditions, ideas and feelings that can’t be identified by senses. * Concrete Noun- specific, senses can be used. EX.) Hammer. 2. Pronoun-words substituted for nouns (him, her, he, she, they). Can be subjects, direct objects, indirect objects or subject complements. Pronouns are classified to the work they do. * Personal Pronoun- refers to people speaking, being spoken to, or people or other nouns being spoken about. * First Person- indicates the speaker (I, my, me, ours, our, ourselves, mine, my, myself, we, us). * Second Person- indicates person spoken to (you, yours, your, yourself, yourselves). * Third Person- indicates the person or thing being spoken of (He, him, his, himself, her, she, herself, hers, it, its, itself, they, their, theirs, them, themselves). * Possessive Pronoun- NEVER USES APOSTROPHE!!! Personal pronouns that show ownership. * First Person- mine, ours

* Second Person- yours
* Third Person- his, hers, its, theirs
* Demonstrative Pronoun- words used to point out definite persons, places, things, or ideas (This, those, that, these). * Interrogative Pronoun- words used in asking questions (Who, whose, whom, which, what). * Relative Pronouns- words that show relationship by introducing a new idea into a sentence (Who, which, what, that, whose, whom, whoever, whosoever, whichever, whatever, whomever, whatsoever). * Indefinite Pronoun- words that refer to unspecific nouns or sometimes just to things in general. Nouns that isn’t specific. (All, another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, both, each, each one, each other, either, everybody, everyone, everything, few, many, neither, nobody, none, no one, nothing, one, one another, other, others, several, some, somebody, someone, something). The noun a pronoun replaces is called an antecedent and can sometimes appear in same sentence as pronoun. EX.) The potter scratched his name on a vase. Potter is the antecedent of his. The pronoun and antecedent should agree in number and gender. Indefinite pronouns are an exception to antecedent rules. They are sometimes used when a write or speaker can’t identify a particular noun. Such pronouns don’t always need an antecedent to make sense. EX.) Somebody left the door open. * Singular Pronouns- I, she, her, him, it, its

* Plural Pronouns- We, our, you, your, they, their
* Feminine Pronouns- She, her, hers
* Masculine Pronouns- He, him, his
* Neuter Pronouns- a word that’s neither feminine nor masculine (It, its, they, them, their, theirs). 3. Adjectives- words that describe nouns and pronouns. They tell what one, how many, how much and which kind. Adjectives also indicate colors, shapes, size, what kind, which one, how much and how many. EX.) Steve gave us a rotten deal (What Kind). We bought the last car (Which one). Besides the hefty price, it cost us countless headaches (How...
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