The Outsider - Albert Camus

Good Essays
The universe is often viewed as irrational and absurd. The French literature novel, The Outside, written by Albert Camus focuses on the judicious meaning of human existence and the lives of individuals. In 1957, Camus was awarded with the Nobel Prize in literature “for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times.” (Novel Prize Literature) The Outsider concentrates on the rational meaning of human existence and the lives of individuals. This written work follows the life of our Algerian protagonist, Mersault, who becomes involved with a violent murder after his mom demises and is indifferent by her death, denying grief. Camus incorporates the existentialism characteristics, Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan’s psychoanalytic theory into the text. Freud believes that human beings are motivated, even driven by desires, fears, needs, and conflicts of which they are unaware…” (Brizee and Tompkins) Lacan believes in the developmental concepts of the imaginary and symbolic orders, “As a child once lured by its mirror image (Lacan’s ‘imaginary order’), which promised it a wholeness which is lacked, so the test lures the reader by the force of its representation. But at the same time the text is also law (Lacan’s ‘symbolic order’ of language).” (PAGE 7 AND 8) Novels such as, The Outsider, emphasize humanity’s consciousness of its mortality and its need to find meaning in the universe and a life that has no purpose. Through this novel, Camus remarkable shows the effects of the conscious, unconscious, imaginary and symbolic psychoanalysis through the death of his mother, the murder of the Arab and the ignorance of the inevitable trial and death. The concepts of symbolic orders, imaginary orders, conscious and unconscious mind have consistently reoccurred during the text. With the enhancement of psychoanalysis and how it’s applied to a literary piece allows the reader to interpret

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    pieces of literature. In Albert Camus’s novel The Outsider, there are a variety of social groups that are portrayed in a negative light, but the most prominent is the female population. Throughout the book, many women are disregarded, or are seen as unimportant. From Marie to Meursault’s mother to Raymonds mistress, each woman is portrayed as destitute and desperate for love. Thus, Camus uses the character of Meursault to present women as shallow and naive to the audience. Camus portraying women this…

    • 998 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Albert Camus’ The Outsider from an Ecocritical Point of View Vikram Jyoti Das EGE10026 Meursault- the protagonist of Camus’ The Outsider is shown as being influenced by nature. His character and actions are indicative of how an individual is affected by the environment in which he dwells and how a change in the surroundings affects his psychology. The character of Meursault also portrays the biological evolutionary notion of adaptability and how a superior species…

    • 1910 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Albert Camus

    • 8500 Words
    • 27 Pages

    Albert Camus (French: [albɛʁ kamy] ( listen); 7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French Nobel Prize winning author, journalist, and philosopher. His views contributed to the rise of the philosophy known as absurdism. He wrote in his essay "The Rebel" that his whole life was devoted to opposing the philosophy of nihilism while still delving deeply into individual and sexual freedom. Although often cited as a proponent of existentialism, the philosophy with which Camus was associated during…

    • 8500 Words
    • 27 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Albert Camus

    • 1480 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Albert Camus (1913­1960) and Absurdism . “There is but one truly serious philosophical problem, and that is suicide. Judging whether life is or is not worth living amounts to answering the fundamental question of philosophy.”1[1] The statement reveals one of the dilemmas of the philosophy of Absurd [also called as Absurdism] which Camus sought to answer. The Algerian­born French thinker Albert Camus was one of the leading thinkers of Absurdism. He was actually a writer and novelist with a strong philosophical…

    • 1480 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    albert camus

    • 1403 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Albert Camus and the Philosophy of the Absurd How does Camus define the absurd condition? What three options does man have when confronted with the absurd? In Camus's perspective, why are the first two not defensible options? According to Camus's philosophy, how--or in what--does one find happiness? Camus "draw[s] from the absurd three consequences"; what are these three consequences? How does he define each of these three? Explain Camus and the philosophy of the absurd's perspective on any…

    • 1403 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Albert Camus

    • 263 Words
    • 1 Page

    Albert Camus was a French-Algerian existentialist .n awarding him its prize for literature in 1957, the Nobel committee cited the author’s persistent efforts to “illuminate the problem of the human conscience in our time,” and it is pre-eminently as a writer of conscience and as a champion of imaginative literature as a vehicle of philosophical insight and moral truth that Camus was honored by his own generation and is still admired today.There is but one truly serious philosophical problem, and…

    • 263 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Albert Camus The Plague

    • 938 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Humanities IV 5/5/14 Life Albert Camus once said that “You will never be happy if you continue to search for what happiness consists of. You will never live if you are looking for the meaning of life” (Camus). Albert Camus won the Nobel Prize and whose views contributed to the rise of absurdism. What Camus is saying is that life has plenty of value and to live in the moment with the things that make us happy even if they are absurd. In The Plague Camus shows us the absurdity of life, the struggle…

    • 938 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The Guest by Albert Camus

    • 2055 Words
    • 9 Pages

    "The Guest" by Albert Camus For this assignment you are required to: 1) Review the elements of literature (pages) found in the contents page under "Elements of Literature" 2) Research and write a (one-page, 250 words maximum) report entirely in your own words, answering the question: What is existentialism? What beliefs do existentialists hold? 3) Read "The Guest" by Albert Camus. Click onto link. 4) Answer the questions which follow. Ensure that each response is in paragraph form. Each paragraph…

    • 2055 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Existentialism and the Absurd The novel, The Stranger, by Albert Camus,consists of a first person narrator, Meursault. Meursault, the main character, acquires an absurd philosophy on the essence of life.His mindset is that life is not only insignificant, it is unavoidable. Meursault 's’ life consists of futile bonds, nonchalant behavior, and living an existence of mere tangible exercises throughout the story. In this novel, human life appears to have no meaning in the grand spectrum of the universe…

    • 967 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Stranger by Albert Camus is a novella that focuses on the philosophy of existentialism. The story is about a young French man named Meursault living in Algiers, Algeria. He is a man that undergoes isolation from the world because of the way he lives his life. As the narrator and protagonist of the book, the readers watch Meursault build meaningless relationships, reject moral standards, and become a threat to society in the eyes of the public because of his careless decisions that derive from…

    • 653 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays