The Old Man and the Sea is a novel written by the American author Ernest Hemingway in 1951 in Cuba, and published in 1952. This novel centers upon Santiago, an aging fisherman who struggles with a giant marlin far out in the Gulf Stream. Many people like this story very much and regard it as the most excellent work of Hemingway. I agree with this idea and I think The Old Man and the Sea brought Hemingway to the best period of his literary career.
First of all, the main reason of my opinion is that Hemingway won a lot of awards because of this novel. In 1953, The Old Man and the Sea was awarded the Pulitizer Prize and American Academy of Arts and Letters' Award of Merit Medal for the Novel. The following year, Hemingway won the Nobel Prize for Literature because The Old Man and the Sea. What’s more, this book was on the list of 32 landmark books in American history. It was also recognized as one of the one hundred classic books in history. And in 1986, this book was recommended as an ideal book in French magazine LIRE.
Then, the second reason is that the literary circles began to think highly of Hemingway because this novel. After publication, The Old Man and the Sea started receiving many good critical receptions. Many people hailed The Old Man and the Sea as Hemingway's best work, and no less than William Faulkner said, "Time may show it to be the best single piece of any of us, I mean his and my contemporaries." One of the most outspoken critics of The Old Man and the Sea is Robert P. Weeks. In juxtaposing this novel against Hemingway's previous works, Weeks contends: "The difference, however, in the effectiveness with which Hemingway employs this characteristic device in his best work and in The Old Man and the Sea is illuminating. The work of fiction in which Hemingway devoted the most attention to natural objects, The Old Man and the Sea, is pieced out with an extraordinary quantity of fakery,