Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness
M I C H E L L E A L E X A N D E R
© 20 I 0, 201 2 by Michelle Alexander All rights reserved.
No part of this book may be reproduced in any form, without written permission from the publisher.
Request for permission to reproduce selections from this book should be mailed to: Permissions Department, The New Press. 38 Greene Street, New York, NY 10013.
Published in the United States by The New Press, New York, 2012 Distributed by Perseus Distribution
ISBN 978-1 - ) 9558-643·8 (pbk.)
The Library of Congress has cataloged the hardcover edition as follows: Alexander, Michelle.
The new Jim Crow: mass incarceration in the age of colorblind ncss I Michelle Alexander.
Includes bi biographical references, and index. ISBN 978-1-59558- 1 03-7 (he. : alk. paper)
l. Criminal justice, Administration of---United States.
2. African American prisoners-- - United States. 3. Race discrimination- United States. 4. United States·-Race relations. I. Title.
I IV9950J\437 2010
364.973--dc22 2009022 519
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This book< was set in Fairjielil Ul Light
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" We may think we know how the criminal justice system works. Television is overloaded with fictional dramas about police, crime, and prosecutors shows such as Law & Order. These fictional dramas, like the evening news, tend to focus on individual stories of crime, victimization, and punishment, and the stories are