The Never Ending Syrian Internal War

Topics: Middle East, Syria, Bashar al-Assad Pages: 45 (9129 words) Published: December 5, 2014


The Never Ending Syrian Internal War; A Critical Analysis
Albert Hourani stated “He who rules the Near East rules the world; and he who has interests in the world is bound to concern himself with the Near East” (Gupte, 2011, p. 32). Hourani was very pertinent in visualising the geopolitical, economic and importance of dominating near east countries including Syria. Syria is a snapshot of what is happening in the Middle East as a whole which due to its geo strategic location, abundant resources and regional/global power politics has been in turmoil for the last half a century or so. There are several conflicts, crises and wars going on in Syria with deep-rooted causes having serious implications for regional stability and global security (Raja, 2014a).

Arab countries faced and are facing a tide of revolution shifting from one part of the region to another largely known by the name of Arab Spring. During March 2011, uprising started in Syria against the regime of President Bashar al-Assad forcing the government to use deadliest arsenal available. Armed rebellion started and mushroomed across the country into a full-scale civil war (Manfreda, 2014). Vying to gain as other Arab neighbours, conditioning to tuple the Bashar al-Assad Ba’ath party government reasoning political repression, discredited ideology, uneven economy, drought, population growth and corruption various interested national, regional and international actors led to the shape and size the conflict is in (Manfreda, 2014). In today’s interconnected world of global economy and information, any incident of small or big nature occurring in any part of the world will affect the part you are living in. Understanding the ongoing conflict in Middle East, more specifically of Syrian Arab Republic is very important to be acquainted with geopolitical and economical problem for a student of military science. The incidents occurring for last three years resulting in death of more than 1.6 million, uprooted some 6.5 million people from their homes, forced 2.7 million to flee the country, laid waste to cities and



towns alike, and unleashed sectarian hatreds that have rippled across the region (Surk, 2014). All of these suggest the intensity and necessity of knowing the reasons behind this havoc which will augment in the understanding the conflict and its possible resolution. When I got the opportunity to research about the ongoing situation of Syrian Arab Republic, initially I looked at the situation as projected by the media. Dwelling upon the topic to a bit detail, it uncovered the true picture behind the conflict, which I thought if presented to the readers, scholars and interest groups would be helpful.

Middle East is embroiled in almost half a century bloodiest violence due to its geo strategic location, abundant resources, and regional/global power politics. In this broader perspective, Syria’s social composition, economic underdevelopment, and political governance are some of the triggers of present Syrian crises. The onslaught of Arab Spring, Iranian ambitions for nuclear parity with Israel and resource scramble in the backdrop of rapidly shifting regional alignments. Consequently there are several conflicts, crises and wars going on in Syria with deep rooted causes having serious implications for regional stability and global security (Raja, 2014a). Within Syria, the factions fighting for control of the country have committed themselves to a course of violence as a method of resolving their political differences. Serious civil war is ongoing in Syria, and the issues of civilian deaths and displacements, escalating violence, and the unresolved conflict situation cannot be solved simply by addressing any one individual aspect of the conflict (Bound, 2013).

This research paper has primarily focused on to present Syrian crises, its various dimensions, and...

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