The Neew Jim Crow

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Trebor Adams

The New Jim Crow In the book “The new Jim Crow” author Michelle Alexander goes in great about a race-related social, political, and legal phenomena, which is mass incarceration. Mass incarceration is the new form of Jim Crow laws because of its effects are not only similar but in its new form more effective. Mass Incarceration causes racial segregation, racial discrimination, and hinders the advancement of a people through “a tightly networked system of laws, policies, customs, and institutions that operate collectively to ensure the subordinate status of a group defined largely by race.” In the following paragraphs you will learn of the origins of these inhibitory laws as well as how these laws affect African Americans socially, politically, and economically. Black Codes were the beginning of legal oppression. These codes were designed to restrict freed blacks' activity and ensure their availability as a labor force now that slavery had been abolished. For instance, many states required blacks to sign yearly labor contracts; if they refused, they risked being arrested as vagrants and fined and forced into unpaid labor. This was due to one of the defining features of the Black Codes, which was vagrancy law which allowed local authorities to arrest freed blacks and commit them to involuntary labor through convict leasing. Land owners, corporations, and organizations would pay the inmates fines and in return inmates were supposed to work there debt off, a debt that was never ending for most blacks. Post emancipation proclamation African Americans again were in a place of servitude and sub-ordinate status, giving whites of that time a control over African Americans once again without it be called slavery. In 1866 this form of control was legally ended and African Americans were officially free from bondage, but how long would white supremacist let go of their grasp of control and superiority? Not for long following Black Codes were The Jim

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