The Necessity and Effects of Affirmative Action
in the United States of America
Opener: A brief explanation on the Affirmative Action Policy
Thesis statement: Having the Affirmative Action Policy is necessary as it has its strengths and weaknesses that affect the citizens of the United States of America. The Affirmative Action Policy was absolutely a necessity in the 1960s which was when the policy was first implemented.
The policy was a necessity to overcome the problem of minorities and women that were not considered for employment to work or to further their studies. The problem also dealt with housing, business, economics and varying social factors related to minorities.
Due to the enforcement of the policy, the United States Supreme Court ordered that firms were to hire minorities or women without a specific number of them being hired. The Affirmative Action Policy is still necessary now.
There are citizens who still cling on to the effects of the discrimination in the past. Racism still occurs in daily life whether under consciousness or unconsciousness and those minorities are still treated undesirably. The Affirmative Action Policy should only be mended, but not ended. The practice of this policy has its own strengths that have benefitted the citizens.
More minorities have migrated into the suburbs and live a better life.
The minorities, especially the American Africans have created a significant black influence. However, the policy also has its weaknesses that have affected the citizens. Minorities after the policy work less competent than the ones hired when the Affirmative Action Policy was not a factor. Issue of emotions
Issue of reverse discrimination
The Necessity and Effects of Affirmative Action in the United States of America
Human beings are born in different families which have different culture and beliefs. Living together in a community has introduced to humans the system of communication which allows exchange of opinions, self-expression and organization. Unlike animals, humans are social beings. An extensive range of values, traditions and social norms are established through social interactions between humans which have created a multiracial society. However, due to the wide variety, the differences of color, race and physical appearances of human beings are recognized, and have lead to discrimination. Discrimination, based on the Oxford Dictionary (2011), ‘is the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex’. Racial discrimination is the most common discrimination that has been occurring all around the world. This happens when a population of two or more different races living together practices racism where different groups receive different treatment. What have the government do to overcome this problem?
The Affirmative Action Policy is what has been implemented by the government to prevail the problem of discrimination by setting out policies that is designed to help eradicate historic discrimination and give equal opportunities to the minorities and other underrepresented groups. Originally, civil rights programs were legislated to help African Americans who migrated into United States to become full citizens. Slavery was made illegal in the United States when the Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution was enacted; followed by the Fourteenth Amendment which provides fair protection under the legislation and the Fifteenth Amendment which prohibits discrimination in the admission of voting (Sykes, 1995). In 1961, the Executive Order 10925 was introduced by President John F. Kennedy which was the first step towards affirmative action; then the Civil Rights Act was signed by President Lyndon Johnson that forbids all kinds of discrimination in 1964. He also announced the Executive Order 1965 which requires the government parties to take affirmative...
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Sykes, M. (1995, August). The Origin of Affirmative Action. Retrieved from National Organization for Women: http://www.now.org/nnt/08-95/affirmhs.html
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