The Myth

Topics: Trickster, Creation myth, Mythology, Religion, Life, Earth / Pages: 7 (1621 words) / Published: May 14th, 2013
What is a myth? It is a traditional story based on ancient beliefs of different communities and having supernatural explanations of facts or natural phenomena. The mythical story is related to religious beliefs, for that reason, has a ritual character, ie presents invariable elements and is distinguished by its durability. The purpose of myth is not to entertain, as with the story, but to explain the meaning of life. So there are certain subjects such as the origin of man and the universe, which are treated in the myths of all cultures. The myth responds to a particular way of seeing the world and to explain the phenomena that exist in it. Unlike science, which gives rational and logical explanations to these phenomena, the myth gives explanations mógicas and somewhat fantastic. For this reason, events occur absurd myths, magic solutions exist and appear fabulous characters. The fact that different communities have similar concerns led to the creation of myths about the same phenomena in different cultures. In the myth of Phaeton these aspects are reflected in the following manner: Phenomenon: The origin of deserts and of the black race.
Made fantastic: Phaeton driving the chariot of the sun to prove its divine origin.
Universality: The phenomenon, how it is explained and the characters are repeated with some different characteristics in myths of other communities. Classification of myths beind coded contents: - cosmogenic: explain the creation of the world.
- Theogonic: explain the origin of the gods.
- Antropogónicos: explain the appearance of man
- Etiological: explain political, religious and social.
- Morales: Explain ethical principles opposites like good and evil, angels and demons.

According to Mircea Eliade, myth is a sacred story that chronicles an event that happened during primeval time, in which the world had not yet stood. The events of the periodically recurring nature are explained as a result of the events narrated in the myth

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