The Muscular System

Topics: Adenosine triphosphate, Cellular respiration, Muscle Pages: 2 (291 words) Published: August 21, 2013
The Muscular System: Muscle Metabolism 1. List the three roles of ATP in muscle contraction: 1. ________________________________ 2. ________________________________ 3. _________________________________ 2. The potential energy in ATP is released when the terminal high-energy bond is broken by a process called ___________________________. Write the end products of this process: ATP (+ H2O) → _________________ 3. Rebuilding ADP into ATP with a new source of energy is carried out by a process called ______________________________. Write the equation for this process: __________________ → ATP (+ H2O) 4. List the three processes used to synthesize additional ATP when ATP supplies are low: 1. _______________________________ 2. _______________________________ 3. _______________________________ 5. An immediate source of energy is _____________________ (CP), but the supplies are limited and rapidly depleted. One molecule of CP produces ___ ATP. 6. Glucose is a major source of energy for synthesizing ATP. List the two sources of glucose: 1. ______________________________ 2. ______________________________ 7. _____________ is the process that breaks down glucose. Name two products of the breakdown of glucose: 1. _________________ 2. _________________

If oxygen is not available, pyruvic acid is converted to __________ acid, which is the end product of _________________ respiration. 8. If oxygen is available, the process is known as ______________ respiration. Name two sources of oxygen: 1. _______________________ 2. _______________________ The aerobic pathway consists of glycolysis + ________________ + ___________________. The net result of one glucose molecule is ___ ATP. 9. The process of restoring the depleted energy reserves after exercise is called _________________. Name four processes that occur during this time: 1. ______________________ 2. ______________________ 3. ______________________ 4. ______________________ 10. Put the following characteristics under the...
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