The Morning After Pill

Topics: Birth control, Hormonal contraception, Combined oral contraceptive pill Pages: 6 (2292 words) Published: October 12, 2013
There are many reasons a woman may become pregnant and a child is unwanted. It could be due to unprotected sex, failed contraception, being raped, being assaulted, and simply failing to be informed. There has been a pill made available to women as young as 15 years old who may find themselves in these situations. The morning after pill known as Plan-B, is a very controversial subject. There are many positives, negatives and ethical dilemmas that have to do with using the pill. Although this form of emergency contraception has been on the market for many years and has been useful in avoiding unwanted pregnancies, the distribution of this pill over the counter to girls of age15 is simply unjust. One may ask themselves, “What happens if a couple’s contraception fails or they refuse to use contraception all together and a pregnancy is eminent?” In this case there is one last option to prevent pregnancy and that is called Plan B, commonly referred to as the “Morning-After Pill”. “How does the pill work?” one may also ask and it is actually eerily similar to that of standard birth control. In a website titled “The Truth about the Morning-After Pill” the details of how the pill actually works is discussed. “ The emergency contraceptive/morning-after pill has three modes of action (as does the regular birth control pill); that is, it can work in one of three ways: 1) The normal menstrual cycle is altered, delaying ovulation 2) Ovulation is inhibited, meaning the egg will not be released from the ovary 3) It can irritate the lining of the uterus (endometrium) so as to inhibit implantation” . Plan B acts just as the birth control pill does (which is a form of oral contraception that is ingested prior to and during sexual activity), except in the one pill that is consumed in an “emergency” after sex, is a much higher dosage. There are some striking similarities between the two which would provide the girls taking Plan B with confidence; it would seem identical to being on birth control without having cycles of pills. Although birth control and Plan B are very similar in how they work, Plan B is not the same as birth control and should not be used as a substitute as birth control is prescribed directly from a doctor. On April 30, 2013, the FDA approved that Plan B, one brand of emergency contraception, be sold over the counter in the family planning aisle of drug stores for anyone 15 or older. Anyone 15 or older can purchase this brand of the morning-after pill at their local drug store with proof of age. This will go into effect soon, so check your local drugstore or check back with us for updates on this decision . Basically, if a fifteen year old girl were to get pregnant she is now capable of purchasing Plan B without parental/doctoral consent. From a mother’s perspective, with the recent approval of the FDA, one’s daughter can experiment with sex and prevent the pregnancy without the parent’s knowledge. If the parent had knowledge of the daughter’s sexual experiences, he or she could provide that daughter with precautionary measures to avoid the pregnancy all together. Not only is it horrific to think about a daughter experimenting as much as she wants with sex at a young age while taking a “Morning-After Pill” whenever a concern is presented; but then on top of it all envisioning the possibilities of that pill affecting her body’s health is daunting. Although Plan B may seem like the perfect ultimatum to unprotected sex, many studies show that it can have drastic results in the long-term. The Family Research Council states, “There is a clear lack of scientific studies on the long-term-effects of Plan B with respect to high dosage and repeated use in both women and adolescents” . In addition the authors state, “increased risk of ectopic pregnancy exists with Plan B usage… common physical side-effects a woman experiences following Plan B usage often mimic ectopic pregnancy symptoms, including cramping and...

Bibliography: How Does it Work? (2012). Retrieved from The Truth About the Morning-After Pill: http://www.morningafterpill.org/how-does-it-work.html
This source titled "How Does it Work" which was a web page within the website Morningafterpill.org was very useful. Throughout the article the author discussed the many different aspects of Plan B and how it actually prevents a woman from getting pregnant. This source was ideal in writing a successful paper on this topic because I was able to provide the audience with a detailed description of how the pill works.
Morning-After Pill (Emergency Contraception). (2013, May). Retrieved from Planneparenthood.org: http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/emergency-contraception-morning-after-pill-4363.asp
Planned Parenthood was a very useful web site in completing my research for this paper. It discussed a crucial current event in the news in which the FDA approved the over the counter purchasing of Plan B to girls 15 and over. The discussion of that event was a significant aspect of my paper because it helped form my argument of how Plan B is a very negative form of contraception and how the distribution of the pill to such young girls is just not right.
Gaul, M., & Gacek, C. (2006, August 2). Retrieved from Family Research Council: http://www.frc.org/get.cfm?i=if06h01
The Family Research Council was a great source of information and as an ample source for my research. It is a huge database that provides such great statistics about many different topics. Within my topic for this paper it helped because the web page discussed many different aspects of Plan B and showed the negative components of it. Ultimately, it provided me with worthy information and detailed statistics to help prove my point that Plan B is doing more harm than good for young women.
Irene, S. (2009, November 12). Plan B Pill Advantages. Retrieved from Livestrong.com: http://www.livestrong.com/article/32243-plan-b-pill-advantages/
I used Livestrong.com because it is a very well-known organization and I trusted the information that it would provide. I was in search of an opposition 's view of my topic because with that included in my paper it helps me complete the entire topic in full. Having an opposition 's view helps give the reader another perspective and in turn gives you as the writer the chance to continue to prove your argument to be correct. This site provided me with advantages to Plan B and the many positives that the pill actually does have.
Saunders, D. (2012, December 14). Study: Free Emergency Contraception Increases STD Rates. Retrieved from LifeNews.com: http://www.lifenews.com/2012/12/14/study-free-emergency-contraception-increases-std-rates/
Dr. Saunders, the author of this article on LifeNews.com, provided me with a lot of good information and statistics as to how the use of Plan B actually is increasing the contraction of STIs. I used this information when I discussed the many negative aspects of Plan B especially how it is increasing the presence of STDs and STIs. This article was a great find for me and really helped make my paper much better by including more detailed information and statistics about Plan B.
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