The Montgomery GI Bill: Norman Schwarzkopf Needed Brain Power and Sonny Montgomery Provided It

Topics: United States Army, Veteran, Military of the United States, Vietnam War / Pages: 28 (10800 words) / Published: Mar 3rd, 2015
Norman Scwarzkopf Needed Brainpower, Sonny Montgomery Provided It
BY Brad Hollingsworth
Mississippi State University
Draft #1
15 October 2014
History 8823: Seminar in US History since 1877
Dr. Richard V. Damms

G.V. 'Sonny ' Montgomery at Adjournment Party of House Resolution 1400
Source: File Photo/MSU Special Collections

The Montgomery GI Bill is a piece of legislation that has been left out of the discussion when it comes to factors that led to victory in the Gulf War, and that is an error. The historical record proves that education benefits saved the military, especially the Army after Vietnam, and made the all- volunteer force a huge success. There is no arguing that there are other factors that helped win the war in the Gulf. It can be argued that the GI Bill and education benefits were the most important, because without quality sSoldiers none of the other factors would have mattered. Regardless of ranking the factors it should be understood that leaving Sonny Montgomery and the GI Bill out of the equation discussion is a major errorn absolute fallacy. “General Schwarzkopf noted in his autobiography, It Doesn’t Take a Hero, that winning the war in the Gulf was three percent technology and 97 percent brainpower.”1 Sonny Montgomery was largely responsible for ensuring Schwarzkopf had that brainpower in his formations.
The findings of this paper present a bold argument that has not been found in previous research. There is plenty of material explaining how the G.I. Bill served as a social program and kept the country from absorbing the strain of millions of veterans being integrated back in society with no prospects for employment. It caused colleges to grow and prosper in the United States. There are works that discuss the negative impacts on minorities and underprivileged citizens caused by various G.I. Bills. The part of the story that does not exist is what the G.I. Bill accomplished for the military. Until the all-volunteer



Bibliography: 1. Anonymous. "Georgia General Inducted into Hall of Fame | The Citizen." Georgia General Inducted into Hall of Fame | The Citizen. June 14, 2010. Accessed October 12, 2014. http://thecitizen.com/articles/06-14-2010/georgia-general-inducted-hall-fame. 2. Bachman, Jerald G., John D. Blair, and David R. Segal. The All-volunteer Force: A Study of Ideology in the Military. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1977. 5. Conahan, Frank C. The New GI Bill. Potential Impact of Ending It Early. ERIC document reproduction service no. ED 268 322. Issue brief no. CE 044 185. Accessed September 15, 2014. http:www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-86-80BR/. 6. Daly, John Charles, and Melvin R. Laird. How Should the U.S. Meet Its Military Manpower Needs?: Held on March 6, 1980 and Sponsored by the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. Washington, D.C.: AEI, 1980. 7. Department of Defense Annual Report to the Congress, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1985. 8. General aptitude and Job performance in five Army Specialties. (Source: Armor, et. al., 1982) 9 10. Hindley, Meredith. "Education and Training." History and Timeline -. Accessed September 23, 2014. http://www.benefits.va.gov/gibill/history.asp 11 12. H.R. 1291, 107th Cong. (2001) (enacted) 13 15. Mississippi State University. G.V. "Sonny" Montgomery Center for America 's Veterans. "The Montgomery GI Bill: 25 Years of Achievment." News release, October 8, 2009. Accessed September 15, 2014. http://www.veterans.msstate.edu/pdf/25years.pdf 16 17. Montgomery, G. V., Darryl W. Kehrer, and Michael McGrevey. Across the Aisle: The Seven-year Journey of the Historic Montgomery GI Bill. Jackson: U of Mississippi, 2010. Print. 20. Phillips, Robert L. A Critical Element of Army Recruiting Strategy: An Affordable GI Bill. Report no. USAREC SR 86-5. Accessed September 15, 2014. http://oai.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier=ADA171270. 21. Picker, Jonathan D. "The Post 9/11 G.I. Bill: A Catalyst to Change Service Voluntary Education Programs." PhD diss., National Defense University, 2011. Accessed September 21, 2014. http://http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a545637.pdf. 22. Ranger Hall of Fame." Ranger Hall of Fame. Accessed October 12, 2014. http://rangerhalloffame.com/inductees.html. 27. The Report of the President 's Commission on an All-volunteer Armed Force. (Washington: U.S. Gov. Print. Off.), 1970. 29. S. Doc. No. 98th-S. 8, S. 9, S. 667, and Related Bills (1983)f 30 31. Schwarzkopf, H. Norman, and Peter Petre. It Doesn 't Take a Hero: General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, the Autobiography. New York: Bantam Books, 1992.

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