The Major Differences in the Colonization of North and South America between the French, Spanish and English and Subsequent Civil Rights.

Topics: United States, Native Americans in the United States, North America Pages: 6 (2005 words) Published: March 26, 2014
The Major Differences in the Colonization of North and South America between the French, Spanish and English and Subsequent Civil Rights.

The Major Differences in the Colonization of North and South America between the French, Spanish and English and Subsequent Civil Rights. Even in the twenty first century North America, the United States and Canada in particular, is viewed as a bountiful land with rich resources and numerous civil liberties that have inspired different ethnic groups from across the globe to flock to this continent in hopes of a better life. Now everyone is well aware of all the bloodshed and human indecencies in the history of the colonization of this land and this writer does not want to be accused of splitting hairs or giving any of the following countries a pass for the violent means that built the status quo. That being said though I will be delving into what I view as the three main cultures that raced to this land hundreds of years ago and will be exploring the ways in which they dealt with the Native Americans and slave trade. The aforementioned countries that I view as the “Big 3” are England, France, and Spain. In regards to North and South America the “Big 3” had many differences in how they went about colonization of those two continents. The three areas I will be looking into are, as mentioned before, the differences in dealing with Native Americans, the slave trade, and I will briefly be looking at the finality of each culture’s lasting effects on the areas they occupied. Each of these major colonizers of North and South America had noticeably different ways of viewing and interacting with the Native Americans who also had slightly different ways of viewing and interacting with the Europeans. There were similarities as well in the way the English, Spanish, and French dealt with Native Americans. The English wanted a great bevy of things from the Native Americans, most notably land, so they would be able to amass a large economic advantage over their French and Spanish rivals and they were, simply put, willing to deceive, steal, cheat, and fight to get it. The cruelties inflicted by the Spanish on the Natives of the Caribbean and South America were particularly harsh and unfeeling (Foner and Garraty). The technologically superior in regards to weapons allowed the Spanish to, frankly speaking, mow down the largely defenseless Native populations (Foner and Garraty). Spain was the first nation of the three to arrive in North and South America. Their arrival preceded that of other major colonizers by a century and consequently they had much time during which the Natives of the new land were essentially at their disposal (Foner and Garraty). They colonized what was then considered the most desirable lands, in regards to gold, conquering one Native cultural group after another and exploiting both them and the natural resources the lands had to offer (Foner and Garraty). Even in present day South America Spanish, and Portuguese, influences remain. Eventually the Spanish started extending its reach into North America as far North as present day Florida. The intent of the Spanish was to occupy those lands in an effort to stop the French and the English from doing so (Foner and Garraty).

While the Spanish concentrated their activities mostly in Latin and South America, the English would concentrate on North America. The initial English arrivals were the Puritans, the followers of John Calvin (Reader's Companion to American History). The Puritans would begin inhabiting North America in the seventeenth century. At first the Puritans tried to make a new life away from religious persecution by having a biblical like exodus to the Netherlands. As we learned in class, the Puritans found that their offspring was starting to become worldlier and like the Dutch. They went on to settle a permanent English colony, Plymouth, in present day New England. Some twenty-one...

Cited: Primary Sources
Foner, Eric and John A. Garraty (editors). "Indians: Indian-White Relations", The Reader 's Companion to American History, (1991): Jan 1.
Reader 's Companion to American History. (1991, Jan 1). "Indentured Servitude". Reader 's Companion to American History, (1991b): Jan 1.
Secondary Sources
Driver, Harold E. Indians of North America. (1961): The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Reader 's Companion to American History. "New England Colonies". The Reader 's Companion to American History, (1991): Jan 1.
Stoffle, Richard W.; Jones, Kristine L.; Dobyns, Henry F. "Direct European immigrant transmission of Old World pathogens to Numic Indians during the nineteenth century"., The American Indian Quarterly, (1995): Mar 22.
Suarez, Ray. "Africans in America". Talk of the Nation, NPR. (1998): Oct 15.
White, Richard. “The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815. (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991)
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