In Shirley Jackson’s 1948 short story “The Lottery” it shows a small agrarian town preparing to host the lottery. The town sacrifices one person every year on June 27th, because their tradition believes crops will grow better the following season. As head of the household Bill Hutchinson draws a slip from a black box with a black spot on it meaning that his family is chosen. The story ends tragically when Bill’s wife is chosen to be the one sacrificed and stoned to death. Shirley Jackson uses symbolism in her characters and irony throughout the story to help the reader understand the gruesome ending of the story. Jackson uses Characters to show signs of symbolism throughout the story by using unique names. For example, Jackson states “Mrs.Delacroix selected a stone so large she had to pick it up with both hands.”(310) .The name Mrs. Delacroix is symbol of death .In Nathans Cervo’s article “Jackson the lottery” he explains, "Delacroix plays a key thematic role. We are told that the villagers pronounced this name Dellacroy .In French, Delacroix means "of the Cross”(Cervos p.1).Jackson uses Old Man Warner as a symbol of his experiences of the lottery. Old Man Warner in his name we get how old how long he has been around the lottery. In the article “Lottery” by A.R Coulthard he states “Old man warner is usually taken allegorically evil devotee of the custom…He is also the only villager who seems to believe in the suppose original purpose of the sacrifice”(Coulthard p.3) .Jackson states that “Lottery in June ,corn be heavy soon, says Old Man Warner ”(308). He has been around so long he knows what is going to happen to their crops, hence the name “Old Man” Warner. Jackson uses the name Mr. Graves in the story to symbolize to foreshadow Tessie death . In Jay Yarmove’s article Jacksons Lottery, he explains character symbolism , "Graves sounds a somber, forewarning note of what will happen to Tessie, and the oldest man in town” .(Yarmove p.6) Not only...
Cited: Jackson, Shirley. “The Lottery.” Portable Literature: Reading, Reacting, Writing. Ed. Laurie G.
Kirzner and Stephen R. Mandell. 7th ed. Boston: Wadsworth-Cengage, 2011. 304-311. Print.
Coulthard, A.R. "Jackson 's THE LOTTERY." Explicator 48.3 (1990): 226. Academic Search Complete. Web. 2 Dec. 2012.
Cervo, Nathan. "Jackson 's The Lottery." Explicator 50.3 (1992): 183. Academic Search Complete. Web. 2 Dec. 2012.
Yarmove, Jay A. "Jackson 's The Lottery." Explicator 52.4 (1994): 242. Academic Search Complete. Web. 2 Dec. 2012.
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