David Livingstone was a missionary, a traveller, a philanthropist and a world renowned explorer. I have chosen him because throughout his life he has achieved alot and awakened an interest in Africa worldwide. He was born on the 19th of March 1813 at South Lanarkshire, Scotland and died on the first of May 1873 near Lake Bangweulu, Rhodesia. Livingstone died of internal bleeding due to dysentery and malaria. David Livingstone travelled to Central Africa in the period 1852 to 1856, he first came to Africa as a missionary and wanted to introduce and spread the Christian religion and free Africans from slavery. The purposes of Livingstone’s travels were to open trade routes, gather information about African and to spread the Christian religion around the African continent. Livingstone went down the Zambezi River and was the first European to discover the Mosi-oa-Tunya "The smoke that thunders" waterfall, which David Livingstone renamed Victoria Falls after his monarch, Queen Victoria. David Livingstone was attacked by a wild lion. In 1844 Livingstone went after lion that had been troubling a local African village. Livingstone found this lion and shot it twice with a shotgun, but the lion attacked him anyway. The lion dropped the explorer to attack a villager but finally fell dead of the gunshot wounds. Livingstone suffered a broken arm and could never shoot properly again. He had made geographical discoveries for European knowledge, such as new lakes e.g. as Lake Ngami, Lake Malawi, he filled in details of Lake Tanganyika, Lake Mweru and the course of many rivers, especially the upper Zambezi, and his observations enabled large regions to be mapped which previously had been blank. David Livingstone truly was a great, missionary, philanthropist and explorer; because without him Africa wouldn’t be on the world maps today and we wouldn’t be exposed to different religions.
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