The Life and Legacy of John Lennon
Mr. Hiebner – Methods of Historical Research
October 7th, 2013
College and Family
LIFE AFTER BEATLES
I. John Lennon has had a large influence on music around the world. His despondent childhood helped create the music that eventually spread across the globe and is still influencing music today. The Beatles have had a large effect on the rock genre and helped shape what music is being created and performed in the contemporary music industry. It all started with John Lennon’s dream to make waves in society. He helped inspire many organizations today who are attempting to continue his legacy. II. A. On October ninth, 1940, John Winston Lennon was born into a doomed marriage and a world at war. John’s aunt, Mimi Smith, named him after Winston Churchill. For the first few years of his life John lived with his mother, Julia. For these years Julia would collect a small salary from John’s father, Fred. The supply of money suddenly ended and Fred Lennon dropped off the face of the planet. Mimi complained to social services and Julia handed John over to Mimi. Eventually, Fred returned and planned to take John to New Zealand. Julia followed him and confronted him. After a heated argument John was asked to choose between the two of them. John chose Fred until Julia started walking away and he ran back to her. This was the last contact John had with his father for around twenty years. II. B. Throughout the rest of his childhood he lived with Mimi and her husband, George. John attended Dovedale Primary School for his early education; he then attended Quarry Bank High School in Liverpool. Julia bought John his first guitar. It was a Gallotone Champion acoustic guitar that was very inexpensive. John failed his examinations to get into college. He was barely accepted into the Liverpool College of Art after much prying from Mimi. II. C. John put together his first band when he was fifteen. The Quarrymen were named after John’s high school, Quarry Bank. This band was described as half skiffle, half rock group. The band’s line up consisted of some of John Lennon’s closest friends: Paul McCartney, Pete Shotton, and George Harrison. Their first single was titled “Hello Little Girl.” III. A. Early incarnations of the Beatles included “Johnny & the Moon Dogs”, “The Silver Beetles”, and “The Quarrymen” until they finally settled on The Beatles. Allan Williams joined as an unofficial manager. The Beatles became considered as one of the most influential acts in the history of rock music. The group consisted of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. They started gaining popularity in the United Kingdom with their first hit, “Love Me Do”, in late 1962. From 1965 on, the Beatles produced what many critics consider to be their greatest material. III. B. The Beatles started playing shows in Homburg, Germany. There, Ringo Starr who previously played with Rory Storm joined them and the Hurricanes. They continued to play a regular gig at the Cavern in Liverpool, where they were paid five pounds for every show. As they gained popularity, the Beatles started getting paid around three hundred pounds for every show. In September of 1962 the Beatles recorded their first hit in London. In November of 1962 The Beatles gave a charity concert at the Prince of Wales Theatre in London for an upper-class audience. At the show John made a famous announcement: “Would the people in the cheaper seats clap your hands? And the rest of you, if you’ll just rattle your jewelry.”1 The Beatles played a show in October of 1963 at the London Palladium, making them famous in Great Britain. John’s first son was born while the...
Cited: Assgayas, Michka. The Beatles and the Sixties. New York, Henry Holt and Co., 1996. Print.
Ilic, Dusko. “John Lennon is Dead.” September 2013
Keno, “Rock ‘N Roll Biography: John Lennon.” 1999
Pauline Ovens, “John Lennon.” November 1998
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