The Life and Legacy of Abraham Maslow

Topics: Psychology, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Abraham Maslow Pages: 7 (1401 words) Published: November 16, 2014
The Life and Legacy of Abraham Maslow
By: Jassmere D. Smith
Houston Community College

The Life and Legacy of Abraham Maslow
Young Maslow
Abraham Harold Maslow was born on April 1, 1908 in Manhattan, New York to Rose and Samuel Maslow. He had seven siblings; Abe Maslow, Hympe Maslow, Solly Maslow, Ruth Maslow, Sylvia Maslow, Lewis Maslow and Edith Maslow who had died as an infant. At an early age Maslow developed a strong mistrust of religion and became a proud atheist. Due to his scrawny physique and timid personality Maslow was a victim of anti-Semitism for most of his adolescent years; from being chased, cursed and even to having rock hurled at his head because he was Jewish. Sadly, anti-Semitism was not only implemented by his peers but also by his teachers who constantly belittle Maslow to be unintelligent. But that never stop Maslow because even though his parents were not intellectually oriented, they both valued a strong education. Maslow had very few friends, other than his cousin Will and he was full of so much resentment toward his mother for her not being the mother he longed so much for, so Maslow spent mostly all of his childhood at libraries or somewhere with his head in a book so, as a result he developed a passion for reading and knowledge. In January of 1922 Maslow attended Boys High School, which was ranked as one of Brooklyn’s top high schools. While attending his had many accomplishments; he was an officer in many academic clubs, he became an editor of the Latin magazine, and he also edited Principia; the school physics paper for a full year. As, Maslow bridged from his teens to his twenties he became athletically inclined in within those years Maslow was an enthusiastic tennis player and also became very fund of middle-distance running, softball, handball, and punch ball. College and Academic Career1

On September 28, 1926, Maslow attended the City College of New York. Maslow began legal studies at the Brooklyn law school in addition to his City College courses. Due to his dislike of it, he almost immediately dropped out of law school. So in the winter of 1927 he transferred to Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. But, after one semester due to his grades being so poor and the cost of tuition being so high he withdrew. And after he soon graduated from City College, and in the spring of 1928 he attended graduate school at the University of Wisconsin; where he decided to study psychology. After some time of dating Maslow and his first cousin Bertha was married on December 31 1928. Even though Bertha was still in high school at the time, she was still accepted into the University of Wisconsin as a special student. Maslow’s psychology training at University of Wisconsin was experimental-behaviorist. While, at Wisconsin he persuaded research that included investigating primate dominance behavior and sexuality. Maslow later wrote his master thesis on learning, retention, and reproduction of verbal material which wasn’t completed until summer of 1931 and was then awarded his master degree in psychology in October. At first he was ashamed of the thesis, so he had it removed from the psychology library and tore out of its catalog listing. But, due to Professor Carson admiring his research so much that he urged Maslow to submit it for publication and it was later published as two articles in 1934. A lot of his family life and experiences is what influenced most of his psychological ideas. While continuing research at Columbia University, he grew very close to one of Sigmund Freud’s early colleagues, Alfred Alder; who soon became one of his mentors (1935-1937). But, it was while he was under the mentorship of Ruth Benedict and Max Wertheimer that his groundbreaking psychological studies of self- actualization began. Maslow also took notes about Benedict and Wertheimer behavior as well. He also formulated other concepts like the hierarchy of needs, human motivation, humanistic psychology, positive...

References: Maslow, Abraham (1998). Toward a Psychology of Being. Wiley; 3rd edition
Hoffman, Edward (1988).The Right to be Human. Los Angeles: Tarcher Burton, N. (n.d).hide and seek. Psychology Today. Retrieved November 11, 2013, from www.psychologytoday.com/blog/hide-and-seek/201212/our-hierarchy-need Lester, D, Hvezda, J, Sullivan, S, Plourde, R (1983). Maslow Hierarchy of Needs and Psychological Health. The Journal of General Psychology, 109, 83-85
Brown, K, Cullen, C (2006). Maslow’s hierarchy of needs used to measure motivation for religious behavior, Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 99-108 Scholzel- Dorenbos, C, Meeuwen, E, Olde Rikkert, M (2010)Integrating unmet needs into dementia health- related quality of life research and care: Introduction of Hierarchy Model of Needs in Dementia, Aging and Mental Health, 113-119
Best, D, Day, E, McCarthy, T, Darlington, I, Pinchbeck, K, (2008) The Hierarchy of Needs and care planning in addiction services: What Maslow can tell us about addressing competing priorities? Addiction Research and Theory, 305-307
Abraham H. Maslow (1966). The Psychology of Science
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