The Korean War: The 38th Parallel
The Korean War occurred between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, associated with the People’s Republic of China, with military aid from the Soviet Union and the Republic of Korea, supported by the United Nations and the United States of America. The war was caused by the physical division 38th parallel made by the victorious Allies in the closing days of the Pacific War.
As Korean peninsula was a colony of Japan until 1945, for the Japanese surrender, American administrators had created the 38th parallel, divided the peninsula in order to occupy the southern part and Soviet troops to be stationed in the northern part.
In 1948, the North established a Communist government due to the failure to hold free elections in the peninsula.