THE IRANIAN REVOLUTION AND ITS IMPACT ON WOMEN
Revolutions have always had an effect on women and their role in society. Some revolutions gave women more opportunities while others restricted them to domestic servants. The Iranian Revolution is a prime example of both ends of the spectrum.
Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Moosavi Khomein was an Iranian religious leader and politician and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution that led the overthrow of the Shah of Iran. Khomein and his fundamentalist government took over the country through terror. Following the revolution and a national referendum, Khomeini became Iran’s Supreme Leader – a position created in the constitution as the highest ranking political and religious authority of the nation
Within a few years Iran went from being a Western influenced country to one ruled by strict Islamic rules and codes. Cruelty towards women was justified in the name of the Koran. . After many decades of freedom, while women were still allowed to work and go to school, they were stripped of many basic liberties.
Khomeini had certain perceptions and views of the position of women in a society governed by Islamic law. Before the Revolution, Khomeini proclaimed that women would have an equal role to men in a future Islamic state. This equality was to encompass every aspect of life, including the most important and significant spheres of economics and politics. Trusting Khomeini and his followers, women in large numbers rose up against the Shah and gave their support to the Revolution. In fact, it is believed that without the active involvement of women, the Revolution would not have succeeded.
Unfortunately, these very women who had thought Khomeini would put Iran on a path of freedom and equality were rudely surprised. Had these women investigated Khomeini's earlier teachings, they would have realized the great importance he placed on the traditional Islamic role of women. In fact, when the new government...
Bibliography: Zolan, J. Alexander, The Effects of Islamization On The Legal & Social State Of Women In Iran, 7 B.C. Int 'l & Comp. L. Rev. 183, 190 (1987)
Hunter, T. Shireen, Iran After Khomeini (Prager 1992).
Wilipedia The Free Encylopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruhollah_Khomeini
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