The Influence Of The Maya Civilization On Mayan Civilization

Topics: Mesoamerica, Maya civilization, Mexico Pages: 3 (630 words) Published: December 14, 2015


The Maya were a great Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya people. They had great architecture, beautiful artwork, and high sciences. The areas it encompased were Southern Mexico, the Yucatan Peninsula, Guatemala, Belize, Northern Honduras, and El Salvador. The Classic period is generally defined as when the Maya were erecting sculpted statues with Long Count dates, a non-repeating vigesimal and base-18 calendar. The Classic shifted and “collapsed”, and the Postclassic was born. The Postclassic saw the rise of Chichen Itza, and other smaller cities along the coast.
The Classic Maya Civilization lasted from 200-900 AD. The Classic Maya had ruling inland cities, including Tikal and Guatemala in the West, Palenque in the North, Copan...

The central Maya area underwent intense political collapse, marked by the desertion of cities, the ending of dynasties and a northward shift in activity. This collapse could be attributed to endemic internecine warfare, overpopulation resulting in severe environmental degradation, and drought. Classic Maya rulership dwindles due to being poorly constructed to handle changes, with the ruler’s freedom of action being limited to traditional responses. The rulers tried to rectify the decline by increasing ritual, warfare, and construction. This exacerbate systemic problems. This caused the rulership to completely collapse. Rulership was replaced by councils formed from elite lineages. Within a few generations, cities once hugely populated were abandoned. The hieroglyphs on the stelae disappeared due to the lack of events to write...

The people who lived in the Classic Maya cities spread across the land into smaller cities. These new cities were largely centered around permanent water sources. These cities, such as Chichen Itza, had smaller populations of 25,000. The Postclassic had a new political system of a council instead of a king or queen. They did not have the stelae. The Postclassic had a new network of trade along the coast and across the sea, instead of along rivers like the Classic. The smaller villages of the Classic stayed the same. During the Late Postclassic, the Yucatan Peninsula was divided into a number of independent provinces that shared a common culture but varied in their internal sociopolitical...
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