The Importance of Methodology in Teaching English
The University of Jordan
Lana Abd AL-Rahem AL-Rewashed.
I wrote this research to shed light on one of the practice field in applied linguistics is the educational linguistic, this field very important to me,because I am student in English language specialization,interested in methodology in teaching English.
_Back ground: linguistic in educational refers to small but growing field of linguistic which advocate a greater use of linguistics curriculum in primary and second education , work in applied in the latter part of 20th century. When the English language spread all over the world as international language, the need emerged to learn it.
What are the definition of educational linguistics?-
In the 1978s , Spolsky an Emeritus professor of linguistics mainly educational linguistics has published an article (monograph) arguing that language teaching ,learning and education must be included in afield which he called [Educational linguistics]. This name has come as an opposing name for [Applied linguistcs] mainly the applied linguistics which was referred to language teaching and pedagogy. Additionally,(Crystal,1997,p.163) defines technically educational linguistics as: "A term sometimes used for the linguistic theories methods and descriptive finding to the study of the teaching /learn- ing of a native language ,in both spoken and written forms ,in school or other educational settings ;more broadly to all teaching contexts; also called pedagogical linguistics and sometime language pedagogy. Specific to topic of interest include the study of reading and writing accent and dialect language variety across the curriculum, and the teaching of linguistics ,grammar, etc ,in school.
What are the type of methodology in teaching English ?-
In the late 1800s and most of 1900s,language teaching and research was usually practices ,teacher and researcher would typically try to find out which method was the most effective. However, method is obscure concept in language teaching , and has been used in many different ways .According to Bell (2003)this variety in use "offers a challenge for anyone wishing to entre into the analysis or deconstruction of methods" (p.76). This paper presented here some of experimental methods have played a significant role in growth of English teaching and learning studies. Structural method-
It is divided into :
This method instructs students in grammar ,and provides vocabulary with direct translation to memorize. It is now most commonly used in the traditional instruction of the classical language. It is goal is teaching grammar consists of a process of training in the rule of language which must make it possible to all the students to correctly express their opinion . See important when students leave the college the student can controls the tools of the language which are the vocabulary grammar and the orthograph ,to be able to read , understand and write in various contexts. 2-Audio- lingual method.
This method work to find more student who could...
References: -Bell,David. (2003) ,"Method and Postmethod:Are They Really So Incompatible?"TESOL Quarterly 37(2) :315-328
-Spolsky,B.(1978) Educational linguistic: An Introduction. Rowley Masschusetts:New House Published,WC.
-Crystal, D.(1997). ADictionary of linguistics and Phonetics(4th ed)
Black well: black well Publishing [ Electronic version].
Origin,Definitions and Issues it Account for.International Journal of Educational,( vol .4),( p.207-208 )
-Van Hattum,TON (2006) ,The communicative Approach Rethough.
-Luke,Meddings(26 March 2004),"Throw away your text book" The Guardian. Retrieved (22 June 2009 ).
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