Perceptions about politics are not acquired abruptly. Rather, gaining them is a cumulative process which is perpetual for most of an individual’s existence. Thus enters the phenomena of political socialization. This essay will define what the phenomena is, what it encompasses and how it contributes to the transformation of the political system of a community, state or globally. Political socialization can be simply describe as the life long process by which individuals develop a relationship to the political world and acquire knowledge, beliefs, values and behaviours conducive to citizenship. Basically, according to Austin J, this is the life long process of development whereby people acquire their respective political orientations and the indoctrination of the public about the political system political cultures and values. This process takes shape in two distinct forms. These can be highlighted as the direct or manifest or blunt political socialization. The latter can be defined as the latent or passive political socialization. One would view the former to be the radical and the latter to be more conspicuous, either ways they play a fundamental role in one acquiring his or her political orientations, feelings, values and behaviour. Direct socialization occurs when one is explicitly being instructed or indoctrinated about the political system through formal entities and civic institutional impartation of knowledge at school or any educational facet. Latent is more relaxed and passive. It implies communicating non political attitudes towards non corresponding roles and objects of the political system Political socialization encompasses a number of agents or in other words factors that affect its establishment according to Dugger A.P (Educational portal video lecture; what is political socialization?). These include the family, the school and peers, religious peers, work peers, socio economic status, mass media and globally relevant occurrences or key world...
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