The Impact of Macroeconomic Variables on the Telecommunication Industry

Topics: North American Industry Classification System, Unemployment, Gross domestic product Pages: 5 (1718 words) Published: January 27, 2007
Running head: ENVIORONMENTAL ANALYSIS

The Impact of Macroeconomic Variables on the Telecommunication Industry University of Phoenix
MBA 501
Forces Influencing Business in the 21st Century
January 22, 2007

Introduction
The intent of this paper is to perform an analysis of the cable industry's external environment. The first sections of the document will discuss environmental scanning and define the telecommunication niche that is currently occupied by cable operators such as Comcast. The next section will identify the macroeconomic variables that currently impact cable operators and will compare two variables to two corresponding industry variables. The final section of the paper will identify some of the challenges and opportunities facing the industry. An external analysis of the industry will provide a clear picture of the environment as well as any opportunities and threats faced by Comcast. By understanding the environment, opportunities and threats a company has the ability to create strategies to support its business goals. The primary process by which Comcast will gain an understanding of its external environment is environmental scanning. Environmental scanning

Environmental scanning "is the acquisition and use of information about events, trends, and relationships in an organization's external environment, the knowledge of which would assist management in planning the organization's future course of action." Choo (2001) As explained by Gazzale (2007) all businesses external environment are made up of three facets ": 1) the remote environment (macroeconomic factors including inflation, GDP, interest rates, etc.), 2) the industry environment (barriers to entry, the level of competition within the industry, etc.), and 3) the operating environment (the business's customers, suppliers, and workforce, etc.).

Telecommunications Industry (Cable)
Comcast Cable is part of the telecommunication industry which is defined as "extension of communication over a distance. In practice it also recognizes that something may be lost in the process; hence the term 'telecommunication' covers all forms of distance and/or conversion of the original communications, including radio, telegraphy, television, telephony, data communication and computer networking." Anonymous, (2007). "The US's premier operator in the broadcasting & cable TV market is Comcast. Its 2005 revenues of $22.3 billion places it firmly at the top of the sector; while the company attributes revenue growth of 9.6% to the business innovations which Comcast is deploying in the search for new revenues." University of Phoenix (2007) While Comcast provides many different types of services and products this paper will concentrate on one of its primary services which is cable operations, as defined by the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS); code 517500 Cable and other program Distribution. "This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged as third-party distribution systems for broadcast programming. The establishments of this industry deliver visual, aural, or textual programming received from cable networks, local television stations, or radio networks to consumers via cable or direct-to-home satellite systems on a subscription or fee basis. These establishments do not generally originate programming material." NAICS (2007) Macroeconomic variables that affect the cable industry

Some of the macroeconomic variables that impact the cable industry are gross domestic product (GDP), inflation, trade, interest rates and unemployment. GDP is defined as "the market value of all goods and services produced in an economy." McConnell, Brue (2004) pg 92 Increases in the GDP is a strong indicator of positive economic growth. Positive economic growth puts more disposable income in hands of consumers which allows consumers to dedicate more of their income to entrainment. The opposite is true if GDP is flat or shrinking consumers have...

References: Anonymous 1, (2007), Telecommunication, retrieved January 17, 2007 from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telecommunications_industry
Choo, C, W (2001), Environmental scanning as information seeking and organizational learning. Information Research, 7(1), retrieved January 18, 2007 from http://InformationR.net/ir/7-1/paper112.html
Countrywatch (2007), retrieved January 19, 2007 from the University of Phoenix rEsource database Countrywatch, United States
Gazzale, L (2007), retrieved January 22, 2007 from University of Phoenix, Main MBA501 week five environmental scanning thread
McConnell, R., Brue, S. (2004). Economics: principles, problems and policies, 16e. The McGraw-Hill Companies
NAICS definitions (2007), retrieved on January 18, 2007 from (http://www.census.gov/epcd/naics02/def/ND517510.HTM)
US Census Bureau (2006), retrieved January 22, 2007 from http://www.census.gov/
University of Phoenix, (2007), retrieved January 19, 2007 from the University of Phoenix rEsource database MarketLine Business Information Center
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