The Impact of Leadership on an Organization

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Topics: Leadership
Leadership has a relationship with a number of factors within an organization at all levels. It can be defined as the process of influencing the activities of an organized group in its efforts toward goal setting and goal achievement. However, this essay with reference to these four theories of leadership, transformational, participative, transactional, situational and will seek to discuss the relationship between leadership and employee and organizational outcomes. First transformational theories, focuses on the relationships between leaders and followers and seek to motivate and inspire by showing those in the organization the importance and higher good of the task. These leaders are focused on the performance of group members, but also want each person to fulfill his or her potential. Leaders with this style often have high ethical and moral standards. This theory can have an impact at the personal level of the employees where these results such as employee empowerment, job commitment, trust, beliefs and motivation can be achieved or enhanced, and unfortunately can either have a positive or negative impact. When leaders recognize that these factors can be determinants of a successful organization, they focus on influencing the behavior of the employees and take full advantage of a sustained positive impact on the organization. This leads to positive personal outcomes for the employees who are more trusting of the organization which leads to high levels of job commitment, high motivation, and will engage in organizational citizenship behavior. However, if these same factors are neglected, a negative impact can occur, and the followers can engage in deviant workplace behavior and counterproductive activities as a result of not being satisfied or demotivated through resistance to any kind of change, or ineffective communication. This method which can also be seen as leading by example and can inspire employees so that it does not feel as just a place to


References: Gretchen Spreitzer (2007), “Giving Peace a Chance: Organizational Leadership, Empowerment, and Peace,” Journal of Organizational Behavior 28 pp. 1077–1095. Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. Judge (2010) Organizational Behavior, 14e Prentice Hall John R. Schermerhorn, Jr., James G. Hunt, Richard N. Osborn, Mary Uhl-Bien, Organizational Behavior, 11e John Wiley & Sons, Inc. pg 324 3/28/2012, http: //psychology.about.com/od/leadership/f/transaction leadership.htm 3/28/2012, http://www.regent.edu/acad/global/publications/elj/issue1/ELJ_V1Is1_Givens.pdf 3/28/2012, http://leadership-and-motivation-training.com/transactional-leadership.html

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