The Impact of Information Communication Technology on Malaysia Communication Culture in the Era of Globalization

Topics: Malaysia, Politics of Malaysia, Constitution of Malaysia Pages: 25 (7309 words) Published: March 13, 2011

Saiful Nujaimi Abdul Rahman, M.Sc.
Department of Communication, Faculty of Modern Languages & Communication, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Abdul Rashid Md. Ali, PhD
Department of Communication, Faculty of Modern Languages & Communication, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Siti Zobidah Omar, PhD
Department of Communication, Faculty of Modern Languages & Communication, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

This is an unedited version of this paper provided for your convenience


Over 20 years ago, Malaysia was an agricultural based country. Then came the foreign direct investments initiative that gave many Malaysians a good start to fixed income living. The gradual influx of foreign multinational corporations, indirectly have assisted the country to set up a healthy climate to explore new frontiers of governance. The arrival of Internet into the Malaysian public domain in 1992 has forever changed the landscapes of Malaysian communication and culture. This new landscapes were then stimulated by the emergence of Information Communication Technology (ICT) revolution in the late 1990s. The plethora of technology proliferation happens in a structured progression, one after another. Technological improvements began to tangibly influence our way of life. Today, even primary schools are equipped with ICT teaching tools (i.e. laptops & LCDs). Nevertheless, ICT plays as a key enabler of globalization that changes Malaysian public life in a big way. In fact, after the September 11, 2001 tragedy, ICT in this country has become a security requirement other than a tool for good governance. Thus, this concept paper will explore the impact of ICT on Malaysian public along with the country's aspiration towards building a k-society. Nonetheless, a rethinking on ICT's impact is imperative. Nobody wishes to miss the boat; but then again, nobody wishes to suffer from it.

Saiful Nujaimi Abdul Rahman, Abdul Rashid Md. Ali, Siti Zobidah Omar Communication Department, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, West Malaysia, Malaysia.


Malaysia began with a decision and aspiration in becoming an agricultural country. As time goes by, the country again has to reform. Malaysia started to emerge as an industrialized manufacturing base economy from 1990’s onwards under a careful administration of its government (Mehra, 2001). From the day Malaysia gained its independence, the country had constantly facing tides and tribulations. These obstacles were embraced with great courage and most of the time, Malaysia triumphed. The fact that Malaysia were able to overcome many obstacles through her media roles, made an interesting point to ponder. Through out the years, Malaysia had accomplished an astounding record of a civil government – save for a brief period on May 13, 1969 when a racial conflict erupted. The National Operation Council then, ruled the country. The conflict erupted out of a controversial post GE results. Malaysia’s major races, Malay, Chinese, and Indian, dissatisfied with the result and confronted one another (Khoo, 1988).

Anyhow, conflicts do not necessarily signify the incapability of the Malaysian government in ruling the country. An English proverb says: “The glory of life doesn’t stop you from falling”. The root of the problem was the imbalance of the structural social system inherited from Malaysia’s former ruler – the British Government. The structural social system introduced by the British was about divide and rule – by which the major races were first divided according to their race before certain tasks and occupation assigned to them. Each division was governed by certain specific rules and regulations. Malays were bound to rule and occupy the rural areas; Chinese were designed to...

Bibliography: Adhikarya, R. (1977). Broadcasting in Peninsular Malaysia. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Ahmed, S.T. (2001). Internet usage and communication behavior among Malaysian working women. Ph.D. Dissertation. University Putra Malaysia.
Alisyahbana. (1965). The cultural problems of Malaysia in the context of Southeast Asia. Malaysian Society of Orientalists.
Anderson, B. (1983). Reflections on the origins and spread of nationalism. London: Verso.
Asiah Sarji. (1982). The historical development of broadcasting in Malaysia and its social and political significance. Media Asia. No. 9 pp. 150 – 160. AMIC Singapore.
Badrul Hisham Jaafar. (2002). Impact of ICT on society. (National IT Council Secretariat).
Birdwhistell, R. (1970). Kinesics and context. New York: Ballantine
Faraqui, S
Friedman, T. L. (2000). The Lexux and the olive tree: Understanding globalization. New York: Longman Publishing Group.
Geerts, C. (1973). On the interpretation of culture. New York: Basic Books.
Greider. W. (1997). One world, ready or not: The manic logic of global capitalism. USA: Simon & Schuster, Inc.
Hall, E. T. (1959). The silent language. New York: Doubleday.
Hamdan Adnan. (1985). The mass media in Malaysia. Media Asia. Vol. 12. AMIC Singapore.
Herskovits, M. (1955). Cultural anthropology. New York: Knopf.
Hibert, R. E. (1991). Mass media VI: An introduction to modern communication. New York:
Longman Publishing Group.
Hock, O. Y. (1991). Multi-racial politics in Malaysia. Pelanduk Publication (M) Sdn. Bhd.
Jager, A. K., & Lokman, A. H. (1999). Staos research. Netherlands: Wageningen.
Jayanath A. (1999). Information highways: Path to prosperity or poverty. Media Asia. Vol.
Kerajaan Malaysia. (1996). Rancangan Malaysia Kelapan 2001 - 2005. Kuala Lumpur: Percetakan Nasional Malaysia Berhad.
Khoo, O.Y. (1988). Multi-racial politics in Malaysia. Pelanduk Publications (M) Sdn. Bhd.
Kroeber, A., & Kluckhohn, C. (1952). Culture: A critical review of concepts and definitions.
Md. Salleh Hassan & Saiful Nujaimi A.R. (2000). Broadcasting for development in Malaysia: A historical perspective. International Conference, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah,
Means, G.P. (1991). Malaysian politics: The second generation. Singapore: Oxford University Press.
Mehra, Achal. (2001). Press systems & ASEAN states. Singapore: Asian Mass Communication Research and Information Center (AMIC).
Mowlana, H. (1994). Beyond & Gulf: Broadcasting international crises. Australia. The Journal Of International Communication.
Naisbitt, J. (1994). Global paradox. London: Brealey Publishing Ltd.
Nathan, U. (1986). Propaganda and persuasion trends in the Malaysian mass media. Media
Asia, Vol
Ohmae, K. (1990). The borderless world. USA: McKinsey & Company, Inc.
Omar, H. O. (1985). Mass communication and its effect on education and traditional culture
in Malaysia
Raslan Ahmad. (2002). Ke arah masyarakat kaya maklumat: Peranan individu dan masyarakat. Malaysia: Unpublished
Reeves, G.(1993).Communications and the `Third World’ Britain: T
Safar Hashim, & Asiah Sarji (2001) Hand Book of the Media in Asia. New Delhi.
Samsudin A. Rahim. (1995). Keetnikan media dan hubungan etnik di Malaysia. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia: Penerbit UKM.
SASARAN. (December, 2001). Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam Selangor: Fakulti Communication dan Pangajian Media.
Severin, W. J. & Tankard, J. W. (2001). Communication theories: Origins, methods, and uses in the mass media. USA: Longman, Inc.
Schramm, W. (1972). Mass media and national development. Stanford, CA.
Syed Arabi Idid & Latiffah Pawanteh. (1989). Media, ethnicity and national unity. Media Asia, Vol. 16 no. 2. AMIC, Singapore.
Thompson, J. B. (1990). Ideology and modern culture: Critical social theory in the era of mass communication. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Wright, C. R. (1986). Mass communication: A sociological perspective. New York: Random House.
Yew, Y. K. (1999), Impact of intra-ethnic interaction and mass media on national unity: A socio psychology approach. Negara 2, (7) pp. 20 – 25.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • culture and communication Essay
  • Essay about communication
  • Communication Essay
  • communication Essay
  • communication Essay
  • communication Essay
  • communication Essay
  • Essay about Communication

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free