The impact of culture and law on Organizational Behaviour
In the era of globalization more and more managers are confronted with ever increasing need to interact with different cultural and law situations. Not only the environment where the organization is operating, the management, the workforce, the suppliers and the customers can be coming from different cultures. So when they strive together to achieve the objectives of the organization there various cultural influence and the influence of overall culture of the environment can come in to conflict with each other. Thus the cultural impact will manifest in the Organizational Behavior in numerous forms. In the case of law we can see time to time in accordance with aspirations of political regime, changes in political climate, international exposure to investors, markets etc. can also result in changes in Organizational Behaviour. In the following study we are going to examine what the impact of culture and law on OB. What is culture and law
Culture is indeed a too complex item to be precisely defined in few words. According to various thinkers and authors of this area culture could be described in following ways: Tylor (1871): culture is a "complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society". Herskowits, (1955): culture is human-made part of the environment" etc.1. Hofstede (1980, 1997), tried to describe culture with five dimensions, which are prominently displayed in different cultures. They are Individualism - Collectivism, Power difference, Uncertainty avoidance, Masculinity - Feminity, Short term - Long term orientation. We will briefly examine them one by one. Individualism - Collectivism: This describes the general behaviour of members of certain culture is individualistic or collectivistic, when dealing with an issue. ie whether they take the personal opinion/preference over a group or...
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