Counterterrorism is a practice that is very necessary in order to continue the American way of life. When we think about Counterterrorism, what comes to mind is preventative measures against terrorist attacks from countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq or simply the Middle East. After 9/11, we became suspicious of people who did not look American. This is a very difficult characteristic to ask for because America is made up of many types of people. Americans do not have an “American Look”. In my paper, I hope to delve into the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) focusing on the United States Citizens Immigrations Services (USCIS). Both agencies work in deterring Terrorism in our country. By exploring the roles these agencies play in securing our borders, we will have a better understanding of what also needs to be done to maintain that security. Homeland Security
In order to understand how to protect our country we must first become familiar with the agencies. Crank and Gregor (2005) explain how Homeland security has come to the limelight post 9/11. Our country’s security was not something that normal individuals pondered. It took a tragic event to force us to look at security issues our country faces. Crank and Gregor (2005) give us background on Homeland Security by explaining that Tom Ridge was the first director who was an attorney and served twice as governor of Pennsylvania. He was also a close friend of President Bush. It was apparent that our government was in need of an agency to specifically assist the needs of protecting the United States. The Department of Homeland Security was created from the Office of Homeland Security in 2003. It is also charged with counterterrorism. DHS includes law enforcement agencies, such as the Secret Service, the Border Patrol, the new Immigration and Customs Enforcement and the U.S. Customs Service and other agencies. It has its own military force, the U.S. Coast Guard, and the Coast Guard has limited law enforcement power. DHS is responsible for port security and transportation systems. (White, Jonathan R., (2008) This agency is separate from the Department of Defense but is made up of many retired military personnel who have the military experience but whose sole job is the protection of our country. White adds that there has been much confusion about making the separation between what agencies provided what services. The goal that all agencies have is the same: to protect the United States of America from all threats, foreign and domestic. (White, Jonathan R., (2008)
After 9/11, one agency that received much attention was the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services (BCIS). Today, this agency is called United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). They serve within the umbrella of Homeland Security. The terrorists that boarded on 9/11 were foreigners who had entered the country then committed the most atrocious crime our country had ever suffered. This information attracted the attention of how we admit foreign-born individuals into our country. There are several questions that we should explore: (1) How should we control the immigration issue?
(2) Should the government deny individuals from certain countries entry to the United States? (3) If the U.S. tightens immigration standards, can terrorist attacks be stopped? Immigration
Immigration has always been present in America. When Christopher Columbus first set foot in American, unknowingly, he was already an immigrant. The United States has been built by people who have left there country in fear of persecution for practicing their religion, lack of opportunities to support their families, freedom, and those who were brought to this country against their will and sold. The typical model that we have to identify Americans is that we have none. We come from many different ethnicities, religions and cultures. After 9/11, immigration became a topic that became hot again....
References: Crank, John P. & Gregor, Patricia E. (2005). Counter-Terrorism after 9/11 Justice, Security and Ethics Reconsidered. Cincinnati, Ohio: LexisNexis Group.
Faist, Thomas (2002). “Extension du domaine de la lutte”. International Migration
Haque, M. Shamsul (Sept.,2004). The Fundamentals of Terrorism and Its Target:
their Impact on People and Public Administration. Public Adminstrative Review, Vol.62. Democratic Governance in the Aftermath of September 11,2001,pp. 170-180. Retrieved March 28, 2008 from JSTOR database.
Kritz, Mary M
Moore, Kathleen (Autumn, 2002). Arab, Muslim, Race in America. A part of US or
fromU.S.? Post-September 11 attitudes toward Muslim and Civil Liberties.
Middle East Report, No.244, pp. 32-35. Retrieved March 10, 2008 from JSTOR
Nakaya, Andrea. (2005). Homeland security. Greenhaven Pr.
Tumlin, Karen C
Immigration Policy. California Law Review,Vol.92, No.4,pp.1173-1239.
Retrieved March 10, 2008 from JSTOR database.
WHITE, JONATHAN R. (2008). Terrorism and Homeland Security Sixth Edition. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document