While governments were reluctant to agree on the system, the British government had no choice but to favour it because they were faced with a major predicament, having to sustain the sugar economies of its West Indian colonies and maintain sugar imports into Britain (Immigration Labour 2011). The Anti- Slavery Society kept governments under a watchful eye because they viewed the system as another form of slavery. As a result, “in 1838 James Stephen, a Colonial Office official, humanitarian and drafter of the 1833 Emancipation Act, was appointed to draw up conditions for immigrant labour schemes which would make it clear that no new slave trade was being established because they did not want to be accused of hypocrisy by foreign governments in allowing a new slave trade while persuading other countries to stop theirs” (Immigration Labour 2011).
Some of the conditions drafted by Mr. James Stephen applied to all immigration schemes, but mainly concerned Indian schemes. After a cost for transporting immigrants was introduced planters insisted on having a written contract for migrants to sign. The increasing trend of refusing contracts when faced with the hard conditions of plantation labour