Acquisitiveness of the Trojan War In almost all instances of war the cause has been related to greed, or the gaining of land and possessions. Greed is presented in the very first book of Homer’s “The Iliad.” It isn’t displayed by the cowards, but the “heroes” of the war such as Agamemnon, Achilles, and Pandarus. The entire cause of the Trojan War is the result of the greedy and cowardly behavior of Paris. There are many factors that had sparked the war, including the interference of the gods; however, the main factor to be blamed for the war is greed. On the way to Troy, the Achaeans fought many smaller battles, raiding towns and taking whatever prizes they please. This act in itself seems greedy enough, but in the first three pages of the first book we see Agamemnon reluctant to give up his prize, Chryseis, despite the fact that it the cause of the plague and deaths upon the Greek army. Once he decides to give up his prize he immediately demands a new one when he says “fetch me another prize” (Il.1.138). Agamemnon’s greediness causes him to go on and steal Achilles’ girl, Briseis. Because of his actions, Achilles describes Agamemnon as “always shrewd with greed” (Il.1.175). This entire situation is the reason the war begins again. Achilles prays to Hera so that the Greek army realizes they need Achilles, a somewhat greedy act of Achilles. As the battle seems to be getting closer to a truce after Paris and Menelaus fight, the greed of Pandarus ruins the soldier’s hopes of an end to the war. Athena, disguised as a Trojan soldier, tempts Pandarus by saying “just think what thanks, what fame you’d win in the eyes of all the Trojans” (Il.4.109-110) in order to convince him to shoot Menelaus. Athena’s temptations worked, so Pandarus’ desire of fame and prizes caused him to shoot Menelaus. Once he shoots Menelaus all hopes of peace are ruined and full blown war breaks out again. The biggest and most important example of greed in the Iliad, is the entire
Prof. Jason EdwardCLAS 170 |
The Iliad is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer. Set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek states. Although the story covers only a few weeks in the final year of the war, the Iliad mentions or alludes to many of the Greek legends about the siege, and it describes many distinctive characters, include Achilles, known as the “Greek….
The Iliad is the quintessential epic. It is full with gods, goddesses, heroes, war, honor, glory, and the like. However, for just short while near the very conclusion Homer avoids all of those epic qualities. The banquet scene in Book XXIV is the most touching, the most "human" scene in the entire poem . In the midst of the dreadful gulf of war and anger there occurs an intimate moment between two men who ironically have much in common below the surface.
Priam, old and fragile, makes his way….
The Iliad is an epic poem about the war between the Trojans and the Greeks. The poem admires the obligation that binds families together as noble, but it also respects the pursuit of glory. To fight in war is to prove one’s honor and integrity, but to not fight would display fear. The most powerful warriors were Hector and Achilles. Both men were given the title of heroes and displayed great power, skills and courage. But the values of Hector and Achilles proved to be different from….
Greek Mythology is dominated by numerous heroes, all with unique super-human qualities. The purpose of every story is to demonstrate each character’s remarkable “gift.” Some of the qualities represented by these colorful characters include caution, confidence, kindness, strength, and courage. Combining Odysseus’ wisdom, Achilles’ intimidation factor, and Hector’s bravery, would result in the ultimate warrior who would surpass the best of Homer’s creations.
Among Homer’s enviable….
The Iliad (sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an epic poem in dactylic hexameters, traditionally attributed to Homer. Set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy (Ilium) by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles.
Although the story covers only a few weeks in the final year of the war, the Iliad mentions or alludes to many of the Greek legends about….
9/11/12 The Iliad
“Sing, goddess, the anger of Peleus son Achilles
and it’s devastation which put pains thousandfold upon the Achains,
hurled in their multitudes to the house of Hades strong souls
of heroes, but gave their bodies to be in the delicate feasting
of dogs, of all birds, and the will of Zeus was accomplished
since that time when first there stood in division of conflict
Atreus’ son the lord of men and brilliant Achilles.”
The easiest way to remember text is to set it….
Book 1: The Rage of Achilles
Book 2: The Great Gathering of Armies
Book 3: Helen Reviews the Champions
Book 4: The Truce Erupts in War
Book 5: Diomodes Fights the Gods
Book 6: Hector Returns to Troy
Book 7: Ajax Duels in Hector
Book 8: The Tide of Battle Turns
Book 9: The Embassy to Achilles
Book 10: Marauding Through the Night
Book 11: Agamemnon's Day of Glory
Book 12: The Trojans Storm the Rampart
Book 13: Battling for the Ships
Book 14: Hera Outflanks Zeus
“The Iliad” Q&A:
1. What is your impression of Achilles?
I feel as if Achilles is very loyal to all the people associated in his life, especially his best friend Patroclus. Achilles’ loyalty to his best friend shows how much he actually cared about him once he was deceased due to his great sorrow in his weeping. Achilles also stated “if destiny like his awaits me, I shall rest when I have fallen” meaning he doesn’t care about whatever happens to him in the battle with Hector, but just as long as….
The Achaeans (Ἀχαιοί) — aka the Hellenes (Greeks), Danaans (Δαναοί), and Argives (Ἀργεĩοι).
Agamemnon — King of Mycenae, leader of the Greeks.
Achilles — Leader of the Myrmidons, half-divine war hero.
Odysseus — King of Ithaca, the wiliest Greek commander and hero of the Odyssey.
Ajax the Greater — son of Telamon, with Diomedes, he is second to Achilles in martial prowess.
Menelaus — King of Sparta, husband of Helen and brother of Agamemnon.
Diomedes — son of Tydeus, King of Argos….
2. Why do you think the bard chose to focus on the quarrel between Achilles and Agamemnon, rather than on a more obvious highlight of the Trojan War legend (i.e., the Sack of Troy)?
- In my perspective, Homer chose to focus on the quarrel between Achilles and Agamemnon, rather than on a more obvious highlights of the Trojan War legend because it is due to their argument that eventually led to the Trojan War. If it hadn't been for the insults and the things, that Agamemnon did to Achilles, maybe….