An ideal society is something that the human kind strived to achieve throughout the whole existence, a society where needs of the people regardless of their race, religion or wealth would be met. There has been pondering over the conditions of such system, and many great thinkers, such as Plato, Thomas More, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. etc have offered their opinions on them to the public over the years. A dream of ‘Utopia’, however, seems unreachable as of now, as ideals and values among the individuals in society remain very different and due to the subjective nature of the people, which prevents it from happening. To make it happen and remain, either the ideals of all the people would have to be upheld or all the people would have to have the same ones.
“Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains.” This quote by Jean Jacques Rousseau depicts the situation quite accurately: An individual is born with free will; it is a property of human nature that depends on the person. It allows us to make our own decisions that have an impact on our lives; however, our choices are limited by the rules the government inflict on us, as well as by moral and social obligations. Therefore we can live freely, but we have to take in consideration the laws and rules, along with other people. The state is a set of institutions that has the authority to make rules over a given territory, such as imprisoning people and judging their behaviour and choices. The humankind needs authority to limit us though, it is natural: the tribes have chiefs etc. Hobbes believes that without the state, the society would be disastrous: our lives would be “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short”. It is believed, that without it, we would descend to the level of animals – as the civilized English schoolboys in William Golding’s novel ‘Lord of the Flies’ did. Disclaiming Hobbe’s theory, John Locke suggested his own. He claims, that the state is not