The idea of Pakistan

Topics: Pakistan, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Pages: 1 (495 words) Published: May 25, 2014
The idea of Pakistan was conceived in the early 1930’s; Mohammed Ali Jinnah founded the Muslim League, in hopes to form a new state for Indian Muslims, as they were being persecuted by the majority Hindu’s. Pakistan was founded on 14th August 1947 comprising of East & West Pakistan. Pakistan’s strongest institution was the army, and they kept stepping into politics, hence the nation experienced several military coups. In the 1970 election Sheikh Mujibur Rahman won majority in the East being a more populous region allowing him to form a government, but in the West, Zufiqar Ali Bhutto of the PPP won. When this incident occurred, East Pakistan declared themselves independent. This caused other nations to interfere causing a war between Pakistan and India on December 3rd 1971; on December 16th Bangladesh became a separate nation. A new Pakistani constitution was adopted in 1973 which divided the power between prime minister and cabinet elected by the National Assembly. In 1977 Bhutto won the election again, but protests erupted and General Zia ul-Haq declared martial law. Bhutto was tried and hanged for conspiring to murder an opponent. In 1988 civilian rule was restored but the nation was very unstable. Two governments after this were headed by Benzair Bhutto, and then by Nawaz Sharif. In 1999 however Army Chief of Staff Pervaiz Musharaf seized power, and convicted Nawaz Sharif of terrorism. In 2007 Musharaf had to step down due to protests by people who felt he was trying to force out the chief justice. This allowed both Nawaz Sharif, and Benzair Bhutto to return from exile and rally for elections, but on December 27th 2007 a bomber assassinated her, leaving her husband to form the government.  This case starts with the events that took place on May 2, 2011, when US army special forces killed Osama Bin Laden in Abbotabad, 35 miles away from the capital. This incident strained relations between the US and Pakistan because it raised several questions about the true...
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