The Human Genome Project
The Human Genome Project was established to identify the genes that make us who we are. It is a worldwide research effort with the goal of analysing the structure and to identify all the approximate 20,000-25,000 genes of human DNA and determining the location of the estimated 100,000 human genes. The DNA of a set of model organisms will be studied to provide the information necessary for understanding the functioning of the human genome and improve tools for data analysis. However, there also are many ethical and moral issues, which are often overlooked by scientific researchers. The human genome project is so important to society because of the impact it has on human health. Many new technologies have been developed as a result of the human genome project. One of these significant developments is Gene testing. These genetic tests can be used to diagnose disease, provide info about the course of a disease, confirm a diagnosis and can predict the risk of future disease within healthy individuals with varying degrees of accuracy. Other benefits of the human genome project are the ability to alter the genome of cells, clone organisms and to replace diseased cells with healthy ones. There are many possible benefits that can be achieved from the Human Genome project such as identifying genes responsible for different diseases and mental illnesses so then they can be prevented such as schizophrenia, breast cancer, or heart disease. There are many goals for the human genome project in the future.
Scientists are hoping that within the next decade they can begin to correlate DNA variants with individual responses to treatments, identify particular subgroups of patients, and develop drugs customized for those populations. The discipline that blends pharmacology with genomic capabilities is called pharmacogenomics. The human genome project has already helped countless people and will continue to do so in the future. However they are...
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