The seven organizational approaches to studying the human body are body planes and body directions, body cavities, quadrants and regions, anatomy and physiology, microscopic to macroscopic, body systems and medical specialties.
Body planes and body directions are the division of the body into sections from front to back, right and left, and top and bottom. These sections are called the mid-sagittal plane, the coronal plane, and the transverse plane. Body directions state the way in which something is moving. For example if an arm is being is turned in a medial direction, it is moving toward the middle of the body. These planes and directions come in use during X-rays for example.
This approach is used when studying organs and its function or specific areas with in the body like lungs, brain, and joint and tendons. (McGraw Hill, Chap.2) “In order to visualize and study the structural arrangements of various organs, the body may be sectioned (cut) and diagrammed according to three fundamental planes of reference.” The Body cavities approach is used to study the areas in the body that contain internal organs. There are two main (Posterior and Anterior) main cavities in the human body which house five sub-cavities. These are confined spaces within the body, which contain organs that are protected by associated membranes.
The cranial, spinal, thoracic, diaphragm and abdomino-pelvic cavities are within these. Doctors that specialize in internal organs such as a Cardiac or Neuro surgeon would use this approach to help operate on and /or explore the area within those cavities patients for things such as brain tumors or repair and artery.
The quadrants and regions divide’s the lower torso into four sections and nine region sections to identify the areas where internal organs are placed. The quadrants and regions approach is used to divide the body
Cited: McGraw Hill, Body Organization and Anatomical Nomenclature, Chapter 2 Via: http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/dl/free/0072907932/23632/ch02_sample.pdf Turley S. (2011). The Body in Health and Disease, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Via: http://www.cambridge.k12.wi.us/cms_files/resources/Medical%202.pdf