The History Of Earth Day

Topics: United States Environmental Protection Agency, Environmentalism, Earth Day Pages: 6 (1292 words) Published: March 18, 2016
Samantha Meyer
BIOL 303
Environmental paper

Earth Day is celebrated every year in more than 180 nations worldwide. Earth Day was originally founded by two different people and on two different dates. One founder was Gaylord Nelson who conceived the idea for the first Earth Day in the United States. The date of Earth Day was April 22 and was first celebrated in 1970. Gaylord Nelson was a Democrat from Wisconsin and was concerned about the environmental problems facing the world. He was frustrated that the environment had no place in U.S politics. He envisioned Earth Day as an environmental teach-in, which would show politicians that there was widespread public support for the environment. Gaylord Nelson chose a student Denis Hayes, to organize the first Earth Day. Hayes put together a day filled with environmental events that drew over 20 millions Americans together to celebrate the first Earth day on April 22, 2970. This Earth Day is usually celebrated with outdoor performances and where individuals or groups of people perform acts of service to earth. Examples of acts of service to earth celebrated on Earth Day are planting trees, picking up trash, recycling programs, promoting recycling, making crafts relating to nature, learning about the environment, educational sessions about the environment, signing petitions to benefit the earth and environment, and watching programs dealing with environmental issues.

The second founder of Earth Day was John McConnell who was also brainstorming an environmental teach-in to be called Earth Day celebrated on the first day of spring around the same time Gaylord Nelson was. John McConnell was a newspaper publishes and influential community activist. McConnell wanted Earth Day to be on a global scale and while at the UNESCO Conference on the Environment in 1969, he proposed the idea of a global holiday called Earth Day. He had a vision that the holiday to be an annual observance to remind people worldwide of there shared responsibility to the environment and their common need to preserve Earth’s natural resources. McConnell chose the vernal equinox to celebrate Earth Day because it was a day that symbolizes renewal. The vernal equinox was also a day with equal night and day and McConnell believed that Earth Day should be a time of equilibrium when people could put aside their differences and recognize the common need to preserve Earth’s resources. His proposal was accepted by the United Nations on February 26. 1971 signing a proclamation that declared an international holiday called Earth Day that would be celebrated annually on the vernal equinox.

On this Earth Day, the UN rings the Peace Bell at UN headquarters in New York at the exact moment of the vernal equinox. This has become a tradition on the Equinox Earth Day that continues today. An annual equinox Earth Day ceremony is celebrated at the UN and is held by the Earth Society Foundation. John McConnell and Margaret Mead established the Earth Society foundation. They created the foundation in order to foster participation of nations across the world in peaceful care of Earth and to promote the annual celebration of Earth Day on the equinox. The Earth Day celebrations are celebrated in carious cities worldwide held at the same time as the celebration at the UN. On this Earth Day, 175 countries observe the holiday and by more than half a billion people every year. The equinox Earth Day also celebrates personal action, a greener lifestyle, and sharing concerns about the environment. On this holiday people celebrate awareness of Earth and commit to care for the Earth.

Earth Day has resulted in several acts and policies that have been created to benefit the Earth and environment. EPA is the Environmental Protection Agency that was inspired by the US Congress after Earth Day was founded. The United States Environmental Protection Agency was born on December 2, 1970. EPA was established to research and monitor environmental...
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