The Grip of Gangs on Low Income Children
Gangs are fully entrenched in many suburban communities across the nation. Gangs are a dangerous and a plague that has infected almost every city in the United States. Many notable gangs such as the Chicago-based Gangster Disciples, Black Peace Stones, and Latin Kings are the root of this epidemic. At this time gang activity was largely confined to urban areas, which raises a huge problem with the recruitment of the youth of this nation into gangs littered with murders and drug dealers. This problem has gone on for decades and the real issue isn’t the gang violence the real issue is the recruiting of children from low income families into these gangs. Kids from low income communities feel like they have no way out of the gang because of the gripping reins of socioeconomics holding them back. We are so disgusted when we hear about children in Africa that are forced to hold a gun and go to war, but that is what is happening here on American soil. This should be a top priority among citizens to stop this recruitment of children into gang warfare.
Throughout the 1970s urban gangs became better organized and began to expand their activities into surrounding low income communities. This expansion just makes gangs more of a danger to low income kids. Egley and Howell found out that “There were approximately 28,100 active gangs across 3,500 jurisdictions in 2009 according to law enforcement estimates. This represents an increase of more than 20 percent in both indicators since 2002 (Egley and Howell, 2011). These figures are exactly why there needs to be something done about the recruiting of low income kids into gangs. Obviously the problem is only getting worse and will continue to get worse unless something is done about it. The gang members who migrated from urban areas often formed new, neighborhood-based local gangs. These gangs actually targeted kids young and from low income families to gain their trust at...
Cited: Carlie Michael K. Ph.D. Into The Abyss: A Personal Journey into the World of Street Gangs Missouri State University, 2002. Web.
Egley, A., Jr., and Howell, J.C. 2011. Highlights of the 2009 National Youth Gang Survey. Fact Sheet. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
“Evidence Integration: Gangs” Crimesolutions.gov Research at the Office of Justice Programs (OJP). National Institute of Justice, Web. 26 November 2013.
Langton, L. 2010. Census of Law Enforcement Gang Units, 2007: Gang Units in Large Local Law Enforcement Agencies. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
“No More Children Left Behind Bars” CharlesHamiltonHouston.org The Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race and Justice. Harvard Law School, March 6, 2008 Web. 26 November 2013
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