The Green Salamander

Topics: Appalachian Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, Salamanders Pages: 3 (1102 words) Published: April 23, 2006
Green Salamander

The Green Salamander is a rare, small to medium salamander reaching lengths around 3-5 inches. The scientific name for the green salamander is aneides aenus. The Green Salamander is easily recognized because of the bright green markings on the black background. It has long legs and squared toe tips. The squared toe tips allow climbing to very easy (Waldron). The green salamander is very agile salamander and is able to jump six to ten inches. It is able to crawl upside down rough stone areas. The only thing that green salamander has been observed to eat is small insects that came into the crevice while the female is guarding her eggs (Gordon). It is also identified by green and yellow lichen-like pattern on its back, head, and tail. The bottom of the green salamander is a plain light gray. Usually you can tell the difference in males and females by the presence of yellowish-orange mental gland and the papilla on the cloaca. However, once breeding season begins to become very difficult to tell the difference between the male and female green salamander. These salamanders are generally found in sandstone ledge crevices, under rocks, rotting trees, and stumps. They range from extreme northeastern Mississippi through northern Alabama and up through Tennessee, eastern Kentucky and most of West Virginia. The green salamander has a flat head and body, the perfect body design for sneaking into tight cracks and crevices on cliffs, and 14-15 grooves along the sides of the body. It is the only representative of the genus Aneides, or "Climbing Salamanders," in the eastern part of the United States (Waldron).

The habit for the Green salamander is under rocks at high elevations on the edge of cliffs. There are located in the mountain regions of northeastern Mississippi through northern Alabama and up through Tennessee, eastern Kentucky up to Maryland and Pennsylvania. However, the species is predominantly located in the...

Bibliography: · Corser, Jeffrey D. Decline of disjunct green salamander populations in the southern Appalachians. Biological Conversation. January 2000. pp. 119-126
· Gordon, Robert E. A Contribution to the Life History and Ecology of the Plethodontid Salamander Aneides Aeneus. Pp. 666-701
· Humphries, Jeffrey and Jayme L. Waldron. Arboreal Habitat Use by the Green Salamander, Aneides aeneus, in South Carolina. BioOne. May 2005. pp 487-492
· Cupp, Paul V. Jr. Territoriality in the Green Salamander, Aneides aeneus. 1980. pp. 463-468.
Waldron, Jayme. Clemson University 2002.pp 1-4.
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