The Greek Classical Perfection Ideal Revealed in their Art, Literature and Architecture Fabiana Rocha
IDH 1110, Valencia CollegeProfessors Ed Frame, Gustavo Morales, Subhas Rampersaud03 November 2014 The Greek Classical Perfection Ideal Revealed in their Art, Literature and Architecture The Ancient Greek had a set of communities scattered along the coast line of the Mediterranean Sea, a region much larger than the boundaries that Greece presents today . Although geographically dispersed, these diverse group of people were united through a common culture, with the same customs, beliefs and language. In fact, “Areté was the most articulated value in Greek culture” (Hooker). This word means to be the best one can be or to reach one’s highest human potential. For this reason, their society was based on a devotion to the highest standards of excellence. Furthermore, they also believed that the way to achieve Areté was through the association of the Kalokagathia, that is an ideal of physical and moral beauty and the Sophrosyne that means healthy-mindedness and self-control or moderation. The classical ideal of perfection, Areté, was expressed through art, such as the Greek sculpture of Aphrodite (ca. 130-100 BC), also known as Venus de Milo. The Greek commitment to excellence is also displayed in literature, such as the story of Antigone (c.441 BC) by Sophocles. The Parthenon (447 BC-438 BC) is another example of excellence in Greek architecture. Using Areté as a principle for living life means that they live life in such way that embodied excellence, even in everyday matters. The Greek commitment to excellence, Areté, is demonstrated in their art, literature and architecture. The Greek sculpture of Aphrodite is a prime example of the classical Greek ideal of perfection. It was made during the late Hellenistic period, which was a period that expanded the range of exploration of the human form. “Scholars have described the statue as a timeless ideal of female...
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